Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Urinary Podocytes in Primary Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Background/Aim: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a common cause of nephrotic syndrome. Although the pathogenesis is not known, recent studies suggest that FSGS may be a podocyte disease. The aim of this study was to look for podocyte injury in this disease, using measurements of urinary podocytes. Methods: We examined the first morning urine of the day collected from 71 patients (45 men and 26 women, median age and range 11.2 and 3–29 years) diagnosed as having nephrotic syndrome. Freshly voided urine samples were examined by immunofluorescence labeling using monoclonal antibodies against human podocalyxin. Renal histological examinations were performed in 58 of the 71 patients: 28 had minimal-change disease, 20 had FSGS, and 10 had membranous nephropathy. Results: Median and range of urinary podocytes measured were 0.2 and 0–40.8 cells/ml for 71 patients with nephrotic syndrome and 0 and 0–0.8 cells/ml for normal healthy control subjects (n = 200). Patients with FSGS had significantly higher levels of urinary podocytes (median and range 1.3 and 0–40.8 cells/ml) than those with minimal-change disease (median and range 0 and 0–6.9 cells/m; p = 0.003) or membranous nephropathy (median and range 0 and 0–1.4 cells/ml; p = 0.02). Conclusions: The urinary excretion of podocytes is significantly higher in patients with FSGS as compared with those having membranous nephropathy or minimal-change disease. These findings suggest that podocyte injury and loss in the urine may have an important role in the pathogenesis of FSGS.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 1

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Molecular cloning of cDNAs encoding human GLEPP1, a membrane protein tyrosine phosphatase: characterization of the GLEPP1 protein distribution in human kidney and assignment of the GLEPP1 gene to human chromosome 12p12-p13.

          Human glomerular epithelial protein 1 (GLEPP1), a receptor-like membrane protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase), was cloned and sequenced from a human renal cortical cDNA library. The human nucleotide and derived amino acid sequences were, respectively, 90 and 97% identical to those of rabbit. Human GLEPP1 is predicted to contain 1188 amino acids. The predicted mature protein is 1159 amino acids long and contains a large extracellular domain, a single transmembrane domain, and a single intracellular PTPase domain. Monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies raised against a human GLEPP1 fusion protein recognized a protein with distribution restricted to the glomerulus in human kidney and with an apparent molecular weight of approximately 200 kDa. The GLEPP1 gene was assigned to human chromosome 12p12-p13 by fluorescence in situ hybridization.
            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Journal
            NEF
            Nephron
            10.1159/issn.1660-8151
            Nephron
            S. Karger AG
            1660-8151
            2235-3186
            2001
            2001
            10 October 2001
            : 89
            : 3
            : 342-347
            Affiliations
            aDepartment of Pediatrics, Yoshida Hospital, Niigata, and bDepartment of Pathology, Institute of Nephrology, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan
            Article
            46097 Nephron 2001;89:342–347
            10.1159/000046097
            11598401
            © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 2, Tables: 1, References: 20, Pages: 6
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46097
            Categories
            Preliminary Communication

            Comments

            Comment on this article