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      FROM LOW-ENERGY TO NET ZERO-ENERGY BUILDINGS: STATUS AND PERSPECTIVES

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          INTRODUCTION

          “Net Zero-Energy Building” has become a popular catchphrase to describe the synergy between energy-efficient building and renewable energy utilisation to achieve a balanced energy budget over an annual cycle. Taking into account the energy exchange with a grid overcomes the limitations of energy-autonomous buildings with the need for seasonal energy storage on-site. Although the expression, “Net Zero-Energy Building,” appears in many energy policy documents, a harmonised definition or a standardised balancing method is still lacking. This paper reports on the background and the various effects influencing the energy balance approach. After discussing the national energy code framework in Germany, a harmonised terminology and balancing procedure is proposed. The procedure takes not only the energy balance but also energy efficiency and load matching into account.

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          Most cited references 24

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          Zero Energy Building – A review of definitions and calculation methodologies

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            The self-sufficient solar house in Freiburg—Results of 3 years of operation

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              Criteria for Definition of Net Zero Energy Buildings

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jgrb
                Journal of Green Building
                College Publishing
                1552-6100
                1943-4618
                1943-4618
                Winter 2011
                : 6
                : 1
                : 46-57
                Author notes

                1Department Architecture, Building Science, University Wuppertal, Haspelerstrasse 27,42285 Wuppertal Germany, Corresponding author contact: kvoss@ 123456uni-wuppertal.de (Karsten Voss).

                2Merianstraße 9, 54292 Trier, Germany.

                Article
                jgb.6.1.46
                10.3992/jgb.6.1.46
                ©2011 by College Publishing. All rights reserved.

                Volumes 1-7 of JOGB are open access and do not require permission for use, though proper citation should be given. To view the licenses, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

                Page count
                Pages: 12
                Product
                Categories
                INDUSTRY CORNER

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