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      Long-Term Prognosis after a First Myocardial Infarction in Turkey: Determinants of Mortality and Reinfarction

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          Abstract

          Long-term prognosis of a first myocardial infarction and factors associated with late cardiac mortality and reinfarction were studied in 718 survivors. Patients have been followed up for 1-10 years (mean 57.6 ± 39.6 months). None of the patients underwent coronary bypass surgery in the follow-up period. Cumulative mortality rates were 8.6% in the first year, 17.9% in 3 years, 26.4% in 5 years and 36.5% in 10 years. The type and site of myocardial infarction (Q-wave versus non-Q-wave and anterior versus infero-posterior) were found to have no independent prognostic importance. The cardiac mortality was best predicted by the occurrence of congestive heart failure in the coronary care unit. Other determinants of late outcome were the presence of ventricular arrhythmias, left bundle branch block, and the occurrence of stable or unstable angina pectoris or reinfarction during the follow-up period. Usage of antiplatelet or anticoagulant drugs was not found to affect mortality. Reinfarction rates were 4, 9.9, 15.5 and 28% in 1, 3, 5 and 10 years, respectively, and no relation was found between the type and location of myocardial infarction and reinfarction rate. Reinfarction was higher in patients receiving anticoagulants and in patients with postmyocardial infarction angina. Our findings suggest that the prognosis of patients with a first acute myocardial infarction in Turkey is not different from that in Western populations and factors influencing prognosis are similar to those previously reported.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1994
          1994
          18 November 2008
          : 84
          : 4-5
          : 345-355
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Clinical Cardiology, Institute of Cardiology, and bDepartment of Biostatistics, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, University of Istanbul, Turkey
          Article
          176422 Cardiology 1994;84:345–355
          10.1159/000176422
          8187123
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Categories
          Epidemiology and Prevention

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