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      Aloe Vera Gel and Cesarean Wound Healing; A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

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          Abstract

          Background:

          Failure in complete healing of the wound is one of the probable complications of cesarean. The present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of dressing with aloe vera gel in healing of cesarean wound.

          Methods:

          This prospective randomized double-blind clinical trial was conducted on 90 women who had undergone cesarean operation in Amir-al-Momenin hospital (Gerash, Iran). The participants were randomly divided into two groups each containing 45 patients. In one group, the wound was dressed with aloe vera gel, while simple dressing was used in the control group. Wound healing was assessed 24 hours and 8 days after the cesarean operation using REEDA scale. The data were analyzed through Chi-square and t-test.

          Results:

          The participants’ mean age was 27.56±4.20 in the aloe vera group and 26.62±4.88 in the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant. However, a significant difference was found between the two groups concerning body mass index, heart rate, and systolic blood pressure (P<0.05). Also, a significant difference was observed between the two groups with respect to the wound healing score 24 hours after the operation (P=0.003). After 8 days, however, the difference in the wound healing score was not significant (P=0.283). Overall, 45 participants in the aloe vera group and 35 ones in the control group had obtained a zero score 24 hours after the operation. These measures were respectively obtained as 42 and 41eight days after the operation.

          Conclusion:

          According to the findings of this study, the women are recommended to be informed regarding the positive effects of dressing with aloe vera gel.

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          Most cited references18

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          Systematic review of herbs and dietary supplements for glycemic control in diabetes.

          To conduct a systematic review of the published literature on the efficacy and safety of herbal therapies and vitamin/mineral supplements for glucose control in patients with diabetes. We conducted an electronic literature search of MEDLINE, OLDMEDLINE, Cochrane Library Database, and HealthSTAR, from database inception to May 2002, in addition to performing hand searches and consulting with experts in the field. Available clinical studies published in the English language that used human participants and examined glycemic control were included. Data were extracted in a standardized manner, and two independent investigators assessed methodological quality of randomized controlled trials using the Jadad scale. A total of 108 trials examining 36 herbs (single or in combination) and 9 vitamin/mineral supplements, involving 4,565 patients with diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance, met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed. There were 58 controlled clinical trials involving individuals with diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance (42 randomized and 16 nonrandomized trials). Most studies involved patients with type 2 diabetes. Heterogeneity and the small number of studies per supplement precluded formal meta-analyses. Of these 58 trials, the direction of the evidence for improved glucose control was positive in 76% (44 of 58). Very few adverse effects were reported. There is still insufficient evidence to draw definitive conclusions about the efficacy of individual herbs and supplements for diabetes; however, they appear to be generally safe. The available data suggest that several supplements may warrant further study. The best evidence for efficacy from adequately designed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) is available for Coccinia indica and American ginseng. Chromium has been the most widely studied supplement. Other supplements with positive preliminary results include Gymnema sylvestre, Aloe vera, vanadium, Momordica charantia, and nopal.
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            Assessment and nutritional aspects of wound healing.

            The aim of this study is to review the physiopathology and the nutritional aspects of wound healing. Wound healing consists of a perfect and coordinated cascade of events that result in tissue reconstitution. The healing process is common to all wounds, independent of the agent that has caused it. It is divided didactically into three phases: inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling or maturation. Collagen is the most abundant protein in the human body and is also the main component of the wound matrix. It is organized in a thick and dynamic net, resulting from constant collagen deposition and reabsorption. Wound scar is the result of the interaction between collagen synthesis, degradation, and remodeling. There are several ways to evaluate wound healing: tensiometry, collagen morphometry, immunohistochemistry, and, more recently, the dosage of growth factors. Malnutrition adversely affects wound healing. On the contrary, the healing process can be stimulated by preoperative feeding and by certain nutrients such as glutamine, arginine, butyrate, and antioxidants. Wound healing is a complex process that started to be fully understood only in recent years. Recent research has been directed to act in the nutrition modulation of the healing process.
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              Cesarean delivery in Finland: maternal complications and obstetric risk factors.

              To assess the rate of maternal complications related to cesarean section (CS) and to compare morbidity between elective, emergency and crash-emergency CS. To establish risk factors associated with maternal CS morbidity. A prospective multicenter cohort study. Twelve delivery units in Finland. Women delivering by CS (n = 2,496) during a 6 months period in the study hospitals. Data on pregnant women, CS, and maternal recovery during the hospital stay was collected prospectively on report forms. The complication rates by different CSs were calculated, and factors associated with morbidity were analyzed by odds ratios (OR). Maternal complication rates in different types of CS. The association of risk factors with morbidity. About 27% of women delivering by CS had complications; 10% had severe complications. The complication rate was higher in emergency CS than in elective CS, and highest in crash-emergency CS. Significant independent risk factors for maternal morbidity were emergency CS and crash-emergency CS compared to elective CS (OR 1.8; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5-2.2), pre-eclampsia (OR 1.5; CI 1.1-2.0), maternal obesity (OR 1.4; CI 1.1-1.8) and maternal increasing age (OR 1.1; CI 1.03-1.2 per each 5 years). Maternal complications are frequent in CS, and although performing CS electively reduces the occurrence of complications, the frequency is still high. The complication rate depends on the degree of emergency, and increases with maternal obesity, older age and pre-eclampsia.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Glob J Health Sci
                Glob J Health Sci
                Global Journal of Health Science
                Canadian Center of Science and Education (Canada )
                1916-9736
                1916-9744
                January 2015
                31 August 2014
                : 7
                : 1
                : 203-209
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Community Based Nursing & Midwifery Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
                [2 ]Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
                [3 ]Fellowship of Infertility and Laparoscopic Surgery
                [4 ]Department of Epidemiology Faculty of Health & Nutrition Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Fatemeh Mohseni, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Tel: 98-091-7182-1247. E-mail: mohseni_f@ 123456sums.ac.ir
                Article
                GJHS-7-203
                10.5539/gjhs.v7n1p203
                4796446
                25560349
                8e6493fd-7e15-4c54-a1cd-712c8ac7feb0
                Copyright: © Canadian Center of Science and Education

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

                History
                : 19 June 2014
                : 28 July 2014
                Categories
                Articles

                aloe vera,caesarean,healing,wound
                aloe vera, caesarean, healing, wound

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