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      Two new species of Tipula (Vestiplex) from Southern China based on morphological and molecular data, with redescription of Tipula (Vestiplex) bicalcarata (Diptera, Tipulidae, Tipulinae)

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          Abstract

          Abstract

          Two new species of subgenus Tipula ( Vestiplex) Bezzi, 1924, Tipula ( Vestiplex) leigongshanensis Men & Young, sp. n. and Tipula ( Vestiplex) maoershanensis Men & Young, sp. n. are described and illustrated. Tipula ( Vestiplex) bicalcarata Savchenko, 1965 is redescribed and illustrated based on additional morphological characters. Partial mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) sequences of these three species are provided. Pairwise genetic distances among two new species and related species, Tipula ( Vestiplex) bicalcarata , Tipula ( Vestiplex) coxitalis Alexander, 1935, and Tipula ( Vestiplex) sternotuberculata Alexander, 1935 range from 0.028 to 0.091 using Kimura-2-parameter model. Diagnostic features of the sperm pump for taxonomic use are discussed.

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          Most cited references 25

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          Taxonomy, DNA, and the Bar Code of Life

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            Establishing a community-wide DNA barcode library as a new tool for arctic research.

            DNA sequences offer powerful tools for describing the members and interactions of natural communities. In this study, we establish the to-date most comprehensive library of DNA barcodes for a terrestrial site, including all known macroscopic animals and vascular plants of an intensively studied area of the High Arctic, the Zackenberg Valley in Northeast Greenland. To demonstrate its utility, we apply the library to identify nearly 20 000 arthropod individuals from two Malaise traps, each operated for two summers. Drawing on this material, we estimate the coverage of previous morphology-based species inventories, derive a snapshot of faunal turnover in space and time and describe the abundance and phenology of species in the rapidly changing arctic environment. Overall, 403 terrestrial animal and 160 vascular plant species were recorded by morphology-based techniques. DNA barcodes (CO1) offered high resolution in discriminating among the local animal taxa, with 92% of morphologically distinguishable taxa assigned to unique Barcode Index Numbers (BINs) and 93% to monophyletic clusters. For vascular plants, resolution was lower, with 54% of species forming monophyletic clusters based on barcode regions rbcLa and ITS2. Malaise catches revealed 122 BINs not detected by previous sampling and DNA barcoding. The insect community was dominated by a few highly abundant taxa. Even closely related taxa differed in phenology, emphasizing the need for species-level resolution when describing ongoing shifts in arctic communities and ecosystems. The DNA barcode library now established for Zackenberg offers new scope for such explorations, and for the detailed dissection of interspecific interactions throughout the community.
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              The sperm pumps of Strepsiptera and Antliophora (Hexapoda)

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                ZooKeys
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2017
                23 February 2017
                : 658
                : 63-80
                Affiliations
                [1 ]School of Life Sciences, Province Key Laboratory of the Biodiversity Study and Ecology Conservation in Southwest Anhui; Research Center of Aquatic Organism, Conservation and Water Ecosystem Restoration in Anhui Province, Anqing Normal University, Anqing City 246011, Anhui, P. R. China
                [2 ]Section of Invertebrate Zoology, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, 4400 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213-4080, USA
                [3 ]Nature Research Centre, Akademijos str. 2, LT-08412, Vilnius, Lithuania
                [4 ]Administrative Bureau of Leigongshan National Nature Reserve, Leishan County 557199, Guizhou, P. R. China
                [5 ]Administrative Bureau of Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve, Jiangkou County 554400, Guizhou, P. R. China
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Qiu-Lei Men ( menqiulei888@ 123456126.com )

                Academic editor: C. Borkent

                Article
                10.3897/zookeys.658.9738
                5397758
                Qiu-Lei Men, Chen W. Young, Pavel Starkevich, Yong-Fu Yu, Xiao-Ping Lei

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Categories
                Research Article

                Animal science & Zoology

                china, coi, crane flies, diptera, new species, sperm pump, tipulidae, vestiplex, animalia

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