Biochemical and chemotaxonomical studies were performed on some streptococci from frozen peas and bovine mastitis in an attempt to clarify their taxonomy. The results of the present and earlier studies indicate the pea and mastitis isolates represent two new species of the genus Streptococcus. The isolates from frozen peas are named Streptococcus plantarum sp. nov. and those from mastitis, Streptococcus garvieae sp. nov. The type strains are NCDO 1869 and NCDO 2155, respectively.