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      Subjetividad y subjetivación en Marx: una lectura confrontativa a partir de Heidegger y Foucault Translated title: Subjectivity and Subjectivation in Marx: A Confrontational Reading from Heidegger and Foucault

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          Abstract

          Resumen El artículo dilucida el concepto de “subjetividad” en Karl Marx y lo analiza, de manera sucesiva, desde una perspectiva heideggeriana y foucaultiana. Más precisamente, determina críticamente la pertinencia de las categorías elaboradas por Heidegger y Foucault en el análisis del concepto marxiano señalado. Para ello, el trabajo se divide en tres apartados. Primero, se indaga por el concepto de “subjetividad” en la obra de Marx. Segundo, se reconstruye una lectura heideggeriana de tal concepto a partir de elementos del “primer” y “segundo” Heidegger. Tercero, se ensaya una lectura foucaultiana de dicho concepto a partir de las coordenadas de las nociones de “gubernamentalidad”, “veridicción” y “subjetivación”. Se concluye que la lectura de Heidegger resulta insuficiente y la de Foucault parcialmente suficiente, lo que no excluye, sin embargo, la posibilidad de matizarlas a fin de desarrollar, con los aportes de los tres filósofos, una suerte de “marxismo post- heideggeriano y post-foucaultiano”.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract The article elucidates the concept of subjectivity in Karl Marx, while providing an analysis from a Heideggerian and a Foucaultian perspective. Furthermore, the aim of the article is to determine the relevance of the categories elaborated by Heidegger and Foucault in the analysis of the Marxist concept of subjectivity. In order to achieve this goal, the article is divided into three sections. First, the concept of subjectivity is studied as it appears in Marx’s works. Second, a Heideggerian reading of that concept is reconstructed from elements of the “early” and “later” Heidegger. Third, a Foucaultian reading of subjectivity is proposed from the coordinates of the notions of governmental- ity, veridiction and subjectivation. It is concluded that the readings of Heidegger and Foucault are, respectively, insufficient and partially sufficient, which does not exclude, however, the possibility of adding nuances to them in order to develop, with contributions from all three philosophers, a kind of “post-Heideggerian and post-Foucaultian Marxism”.

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          Most cited references102

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          L’ Archéologie du savoir

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            Defenderla Sociedad: Curso en el Collège de France (1975-1976)

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              Foucault

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                trf
                Tópicos (México)
                Tópicos (México)
                Universidad Panamericana, Facultad de Filosofía (México, Distrito Federal, Mexico )
                0188-6649
                December 2021
                : 61
                : 109-144
                Affiliations
                [1] Lima orgnameUniversidad Científica del Sur Peru yayalac@ 123456cientifica.edu.pe
                Article
                S0188-66492021000200109 S0188-6649(21)00006100109
                10.21555/top.v0i61.1208
                8e976231-e077-49d7-8732-e83df0994544

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 15 February 2020
                : 24 July 2019
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 111, Pages: 36
                Product

                SciELO Mexico

                Categories
                Artículos

                subjetividad,subjetivación,metafísica,política,capitalismo,Marx,Foucault,Heidegger,capitalism,politics,metaphysics,subjectivation,subjectivity

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