21
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      A comparative study on physical fitness of primary and secondary school students in Maonan Ethnic Areas in 2014 and 2019

      research-article

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Objective To provide reference for the overall education of Maonan primary and secondary school students by understanding the physical status.

          Methods Physical fitness test were administered in 1 107 boys and 1 236 girls in 2014, as well as 1 130 boys and 1 308 girls in 2019 of Maonan Nationality aged from 7 to 18 years old.

          Results Compared with 2014, the height of boys and girls aged 7-18 increased by 1.5 cm and 1.1 cm on average in 2019, and there were differences in boys’ height among 6 age groups ( P<0.05) and girls’ height among 5 age groups ( P<0.05). The increase of vital capacity was 126 mL, and there were differences in the vital capacity of boys in 10 ages ( P<0.05) and girls in 11 age groups ( P<0.05). The results of 50 m running are improved by 0.2 s and 0.4 s on average. There are differences in 7 ages of boys’ 50 m running results ( P<0.05), and there are differences in 11 age groups of girls’ 50 m running results ( P<0.05). The average 1 000 m score of male students increased by 3.7 s, and there were differences among 4 age groups ( P<0.05). The average 800 m score of female students increased by 12.8 s, and there were differences among 4 age groups ( P<0.05).

          Conclusion Maonan primary and secondary school students’ body shape, physical function and sports quality are on the rise as a whole, and fluctuate in some age groups.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解毛南族中小学学生体质现状,为毛南族中小学生整体教育提供参考依据。 方法 对7~18岁毛南族 2014年(男生1 107名,女生1 236名)和2019年(男生1 130名,女生1 308名)学生体质测试数据进行多元统计分析。 结果 与2014年相比较,2019年7~18岁男女生身髙平均增长1.5,1.1 cm,男生7,8,9,10,12,18岁年龄段身髙差异均有统 计学意义( P值均<0.05),女生8,15,16,17,18岁年龄段身髙差异均有统计学意义( P值均<0.05);肺活量增长平均为126 mL,除7与17岁外,男生各年龄段肺活量差异均有统计学意义( P值均<0.05);除7岁外,女生各年龄段差异均有统计学意 义( P值均<0.05)。50 m跑成绩平均提髙0.2,0.4 s,男生7,8,10,11,12,13,17,18岁年龄段差异均有统计学意义( P值均<0.05);女生有8,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,18岁年龄段差异均有统计学意义( P值均<0.05)。男生1 000 m跑成绩平均提髙 3.7 s;13,14,15,17,18岁年龄段差异均有统计学意义( P值均<0.05)。女生800 m跑成绩平均提髙12.8 s;13,14,15,17岁 年龄段差异均有统计学意义( P值均<0.05)。 结论 毛南族中小学生身体形态、身体功能、运动素质整体呈上升趋势,个别 年龄段出现波动。

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 July 2021
          01 August 2021
          : 42
          : 7
          : 1073-1076
          Affiliations
          [1] 1College of Education Guangxi Nationalities, Nanning (530006), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: GUO Zhen, E-mail: hjc111@ 123456126.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.026
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.07.026
          8f520f17-b236-454d-b2c9-508521cc27e5
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Product
          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Students,Growth and development,Body constitution,Minority groups,Body height

          Comments

          Comment on this article