Objective To provide reference for the overall education of Maonan primary and secondary school students by understanding the physical status.
Methods Physical fitness test were administered in 1 107 boys and 1 236 girls in 2014, as well as 1 130 boys and 1 308 girls in 2019 of Maonan Nationality aged from 7 to 18 years old.
Results Compared with 2014, the height of boys and girls aged 7-18 increased by 1.5 cm and 1.1 cm on average in 2019, and there were differences in boys’ height among 6 age groups ( P<0.05) and girls’ height among 5 age groups ( P<0.05). The increase of vital capacity was 126 mL, and there were differences in the vital capacity of boys in 10 ages ( P<0.05) and girls in 11 age groups ( P<0.05). The results of 50 m running are improved by 0.2 s and 0.4 s on average. There are differences in 7 ages of boys’ 50 m running results ( P<0.05), and there are differences in 11 age groups of girls’ 50 m running results ( P<0.05). The average 1 000 m score of male students increased by 3.7 s, and there were differences among 4 age groups ( P<0.05). The average 800 m score of female students increased by 12.8 s, and there were differences among 4 age groups ( P<0.05).
Conclusion Maonan primary and secondary school students’ body shape, physical function and sports quality are on the rise as a whole, and fluctuate in some age groups.
【摘要】 目的 了解毛南族中小学学生体质现状,为毛南族中小学生整体教育提供参考依据。 方法 对7~18岁毛南族 2014年(男生1 107名,女生1 236名)和2019年(男生1 130名,女生1 308名)学生体质测试数据进行多元统计分析。 结果 与2014年相比较,2019年7~18岁男女生身髙平均增长1.5,1.1 cm,男生7,8,9,10,12,18岁年龄段身髙差异均有统 计学意义( P值均<0.05),女生8,15,16,17,18岁年龄段身髙差异均有统计学意义( P值均<0.05);肺活量增长平均为126 mL,除7与17岁外,男生各年龄段肺活量差异均有统计学意义( P值均<0.05);除7岁外,女生各年龄段差异均有统计学意 义( P值均<0.05)。50 m跑成绩平均提髙0.2,0.4 s,男生7,8,10,11,12,13,17,18岁年龄段差异均有统计学意义( P值均<0.05);女生有8,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,18岁年龄段差异均有统计学意义( P值均<0.05)。男生1 000 m跑成绩平均提髙 3.7 s；13,14,15,17,18岁年龄段差异均有统计学意义( P值均<0.05)。女生800 m跑成绩平均提髙12.8 s；13,14,15,17岁 年龄段差异均有统计学意义( P值均<0.05)。 结论 毛南族中小学生身体形态、身体功能、运动素质整体呈上升趋势,个别 年龄段出现波动。