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      Standardised inventories of spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) on touristic trails of the native forests of the Azores (Portugal)

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          Abstract

          Background

          The sharp increase in tourist visitation of the Azores Archipelago from 2015 onwards raised concerns about the impacts of recreational tourism on native habitats. In response, a project was financed by the Azorean Government to investigate the drivers of biodiversity erosion associated with recreational tourism. Here, we present the data on spider biodiversity found on trails located within the native Azorean forests as they are home to several endemic species of great conservation value. We applied an optimised and standardised sampling protocol (COBRA) in twenty-three plots located in five trails on Terceira and São Miguel Islands and assessed diversity and abundance of spider species at different distances from the trail head and the trail itself.

          New information

          Of the 45 species (12435 specimens) collected, 13 were endemic to the Azores (9690 specimens), 10 native non-endemic (2047 specimens) and 22 introduced (698 specimens). This database will be the baseline of a long-term monitoring project for the assessment of touristic impacts on native forest trails. This methodology can also be used on other habitats and biogeograhical regions.

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          Most cited references 12

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          Standardization and optimization of arthropod inventories—the case of Iberian spiders

           Pedro Cardoso (2009)
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            Selection of priority areas for arthropod conservation in the Azores archipelago

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              Global Island Monitoring Scheme (GIMS): a proposal for the long-term coordinated survey and monitoring of native island forest biota

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                1
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:F9B2E808-C883-5F47-B276-6D62129E4FF4
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:245B00E9-BFE5-4B4F-B76E-15C30BA74C02
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2836
                1314-2828
                2021
                16 April 2021
                : 9
                Affiliations
                [1 ] cE3c – Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes / Azorean Biodiversity Group and Universidade dos Açores, Rua Capitão João d’Ávila, São Pedro, 9700-042, Angra do Heroísmo, Portugal cE3c – Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes / Azorean Biodiversity Group and Universidade dos Açores, Rua Capitão João d’Ávila, São Pedro, 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Portugal
                [2 ] Laboratory for Integrative Biodiversity Research (LIBRe), Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland Laboratory for Integrative Biodiversity Research (LIBRe), Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki Helsinki Finland
                [3 ] cE3c – Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes / Azorean Biodiversity Group and Universidade dos Açores, Ponta Delgada, Portugal cE3c – Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes / Azorean Biodiversity Group and Universidade dos Açores Ponta Delgada Portugal
                [4 ] IUCN SSC Mid-Atlantic Islands Specialist Group, Angra do Heroísmo, Portugal IUCN SSC Mid-Atlantic Islands Specialist Group Angra do Heroísmo Portugal
                Author notes
                Corresponding authors: Rui Carvalho ( rui.m.carvalho@ 123456gmail.com ), Paulo A. V. Borges ( paulo.av.borges@ 123456uac.pt ).

                Academic editor: Jeremy Miller

                Article
                62886 15078
                10.3897/BDJ.9.e62886
                8065010
                33911916
                Rui Carvalho, Pedro Cardoso, Artur Gil, Maria Teresa Ferreira, Cândida Ramos, Lucas Lamelas-Lopez, Fernando Pereira, Jagoba Malumbres-Olarte, Alejandra Ros-Prieto, Mário Boieiro, Paulo A. V. Borges

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 3, References: 13
                Funding
                This research was supported by the DRCT scholarship M3.1.a/F/135/2015, from the Azores Government, and by FEDER in 85% and by Azorean Public funds by 15% through Operational Program Azores 2020, under the project AZORESBIOPORTAL –PORBIOTA (ACORES-01-0145-FEDER-000072)
                Categories
                Data Paper (Biosciences)
                Arachnida
                Invertebrata
                Animalia
                Zoology & Animal Biology
                Ecology & Environmental sciences
                Biodiversity & Conservation
                Oceans
                Europe

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