Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      The Plasma Levels of Homocysteine Are Elevated in Moderate Renal Insufficiency but Do Not Predict the Rate of Progression

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Background: Chronic renal failure is characterized by specific alterations of the lipoprotein metabolism. It is also characterized by elevated plasma levels of total homocysteine (tHcy). Hyperhomocysteinemia has been shown to be a risk factor for atherosclerosis in both the general population and in patients with end-stage renal disease. Aim: To analyze whether elevated tHcy levels also may contribute to a higher rate of progression of renal insufficiency in patients with moderately advanced renal failure. Methods: To investigate whether tHcy concentrations are associated with an accelerated rate of progression of renal insufficiency, we have correlated baseline plasma concentrations of tHcy with the progressive decline of renal function in an observational study of human chronic renal disease. Results: Sixty-three nondiabetic patients (49 men, 14 women) were studied as part of an observational study of patients with moderately advanced renal insufficiency. The average follow-up time of the patient population was 3.0 years, and the mean rate of decline in glomerular filtration rate (<sup>51</sup>Cr- EDTA clearance) was –3.2 ± (SD) 3.9 ml/min × 1.73 m<sup>2</sup> body surface area. The mean plasma concentration of tHcy at the beginning of the study was 28.3 ± 12.0 µmol/l. Plasma tHcy concentrations correlated significantly with the glomerular filtration rate (r = –0.32, p < 0.01). However, there was no association between the initial plasma level of tHcy and the rate of progression as assessed by linear regression analysis (r = 0.02; NS). In contrast, increased levels of apolipoprotein B, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and proteinuria were all significantly associated with a more rapid decline in renal function. Conclusions: Patients with moderately advanced chronic renal insufficiency have elevated plasma levels of homocysteine. The tHcy plasma levels increase in parallel with the degree of reduction in renal function. However, the hyperhomocysteinemia is not prospectively associated with a higher rate of progression of the renal functional impairment. Hence, there is no indication that elevated homocysteine levels play a contributing role for an accelerated glomerulosclerotic process.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 4

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Prospective study of serum total homocysteine concentration and risk of stroke in middle-aged British men

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Homocyst(e)ine and coronary artery disease. Clinical evidence and genetic and metabolic background.

            Many studies have demonstrated a strong association between elevated plasma total homocyst(e)ine levels and vascular diseases. Consequently, hyperhomocyst(e)inemia is now generally accepted as an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease. We critically reviewed the results of 35 human studies in which the levels of plasma total homocysteine were measured in patients with atherosclerotic diseases (n = 4338) and in controls (n = 22,593). Total homocysteine levels were consistently higher in patients than in controls. The average of this increment among 23 case-control studies was 26%. New insights into the biochemical pathways of total homocysteine metabolism, the factors that influence total homocysteine levels, genetic contributions to hyperhomocyst(e)inemia, the pathogenesis of homocyst(e)ine-induced vascular damage, and current recommendations for treatment of hyperhomocyst(e)inemia were also reviewed. Various lines of evidence now link hyperhomocyst(e)inemia with vascular diseases. Although there are no data from double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials of treatment for hyperhomocyst(e)inemia, the strong epidemiologic and experimental evidence argues for treatment of hyperhomocyst(e)inemia; in fact, its treatment with low doses of vitamins is thought to be safe and is inexpensive.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Chronic renal failure: pathophysiology

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEF
                Nephron
                10.1159/issn.1660-8151
                Nephron
                S. Karger AG
                1660-8151
                2235-3186
                1999
                August 1999
                04 August 1999
                : 82
                : 4
                : 306-311
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Nephrology, University of Göteborg, Sweden; bDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, cLipid and Lipoprotein Laboratory, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, and dVascular Disease Intervention and Research Laboratory LLC, Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Okla., USA
                Article
                45445 Nephron 1999;82:306–311
                10.1159/000045445
                10450032
                © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 1, References: 36, Pages: 6
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45445
                Categories
                Original Paper

                Comments

                Comment on this article