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      Is there a bias against telephone interviews in qualitative research?

      Research in Nursing & Health

      Telephone, Research Design, Reproducibility of Results, Qualitative Research, Psychometrics, standards, methods, Nursing Methodology Research, Nonverbal Communication, Interviews as Topic, Humans, Guidelines as Topic, Evidence-Based Medicine, Data Collection, Cues, Bias (Epidemiology)

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          Abstract

          Telephone interviews are largely neglected in the qualitative research literature and, when discussed, they are often depicted as a less attractive alternative to face-to-face interviewing. The absence of visual cues via telephone is thought to result in loss of contextual and nonverbal data and to compromise rapport, probing, and interpretation of responses. Yet, telephones may allow respondents to feel relaxed and able to disclose sensitive information, and evidence is lacking that they produce lower quality data. This apparent bias against telephone interviews contrasts with a growing interest in electronic qualitative interviews. Research is needed comparing these modalities, and examining their impact on data quality and their use for studying varying topics and populations. Such studies could contribute evidence-based guidelines for optimizing interview data. 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc

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          Journal
          10.1002/nur.20259
          3238794
          18203128

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