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      Intra- and Interpolyelectrolyte Complexes of Polyampholytes

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          Abstract

          At present, a large amount of research from experimental and theoretical points of view has been done on interpolyelectrolyte complexes formed by electrostatic attractive forces and/or interpolymer complexes stabilized by hydrogen bonds. By contrast, relatively less attention has been given to polymer–polymer complex formation with synthetic polyampholytes (PA). In this review the complexation of polyampholytes with polyelectrolytes (PE) is considered from theoretical and application points of view. Formation of intra- and interpolyelectrolyte complexes of random, regular, block, dendritic polyampholytes are outlined. A separate subsection is devoted to amphoteric behavior of interpolyelectrolyte complexes. The realization of the so-called “isoelectric effect” for interpolyelectrolyte complexes of water-soluble polyampholytes, amphoteric hydrogels and cryogels with respect to surfactants, dye molecules, polyelectrolytes and proteins is demonstrated.

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          Most cited references 179

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          Theory of polyelectrolytes in solutions and at surfaces

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            Ultrathin polymer coatings by complexation of polyelectrolytes at interfaces: suitable materials, structure and properties

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              Synthesis and solution properties of zwitterionic polymers.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Polymers (Basel)
                Polymers (Basel)
                polymers
                Polymers
                MDPI
                2073-4360
                14 October 2018
                October 2018
                : 10
                : 10
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Laboratory of Functional Polymers, Institute of Polymer Materials and Technology, Almaty 050013, Kazakhstan
                [2 ]Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock TX 79409−3121, Box 43121, USA
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: skudai@ 123456mail.ru (S.E.K.); nurxat.nuraje@ 123456ttu.edu (N.N.); Tel.: +7-727-292-5080 (S.E.K.)
                Article
                polymers-10-01146
                10.3390/polym10101146
                6403860
                © 2018 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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