0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Altered Endothelial Modulation of Vascular Tone in Aging and Hypertension

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          The role of endothelial cells in modulating the vascular smooth muscle tone in aging and hypertension was examined. Results from in vitro pharmacological studies indicate that vasodilations of rat arteries induced by several dilator agents, such as nitrovasodilators, decrease with advancing age and experimental hypertension. These diminished dilator responses to nitrovasodilators however were not observed in arteries with endothelial cells removed. Furthermore, 8-bromo-cGMP-induced relaxations were not different between arteries with and without endothelial cells and were not affected by hypertension. It appears that the diminished vasodilator responses in aging and hypertension is not initially due to defects in vascular smooth muscle but rather due to an altered modulatory function of the endothelial cells. At different ages and under different pathological conditions, such as hypertension, the ratio of production and/or activities of endothelium-derived relaxing factors and endothelium-derived constrictor factors may vary, and therefore directly or indirectly affect the production of cGMP and smooth muscle tone.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-4604-1
          978-3-318-02026-7
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1987
          1987
          23 September 2008
          : 24
          : 3
          : 132-136
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology, Southern Illinois University, School of Medicine, Springfield, Ill., USA
          Article
          158686 Blood Vessels 1987;24:132–136
          10.1159/000158686
          © 1987 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Neurohumoral Control of Blood Vessel Tone

          Comments

          Comment on this article