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      Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Iron Overload in Children Treated with Peritoneal Dialysis

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          Abstract

          The ability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to detect iron overload in children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) was studied in 18 multiply transfused patients, aged 15.5 ± 4.8 years, and 5 nontransfused children without evidence of renal disease. In the transfused patients, the serum ferritin (SF) level was compared to (a) a subjective rating of signal intensity of MRI images (scale of 0–10), (b) mean Tl values of liver and spleen, and (c) computer-assisted measurements of spin echo intensity (SEI) of liver, spleen, muscle and fat tissue. On subjective evaluation, the mean signal intensity was significantly lower in transfused patients than in controls and a significant correlation with the SF levels was observed for ratings of both liver and spleen. Mean Tl values of liver and spleen did not correlate with the SF levels. On computer analysis, the ratios of SEI of fat/liver, fat/spleen, muscle/liver and muscle/spleen were significantly correlated with the SF levels as well as the subjective evaluation sorces. These data indicate that MRI is a suitable technique of documenting the presence and degree of iron overload in multiply transfused children with ESRD.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1988
          1988
          09 December 2008
          : 50
          : 3
          : 220-224
          Affiliations
          Department of Pediatrics, Divisions of aNephrology and bRadiology, UCLA Center for the Health Sciences, Los Angeles, Calif, USA
          Article
          185162 Nephron 1988;50:220–224
          10.1159/000185162
          3226457
          © 1988 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

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