Objective To analyze the trend of overweight and obesity among Han students aged 7-18 years in Ningxia from 2000 to 2014, and to provide scientific basis for child and adolescent obesity prevention and control in Ningxia.
Methods Based on data of the height and weight of Han students aged 7-18 in the four waves of national student physical surveys in Ningxia from 2000 to 2014, SPSS 21.0 was used for trend analysis.
Results From 2000 to 2014, the overweight and obesity rate of Han students in Ningxia from 7 to 18 years old showed an upward trend. Compared with the year of 2000, the total overweight rate increased by 2.06 times in 2014 and the obesity rate increased by 4.40 times. The overweight and obesity rate of boys was higher than that of girls in 2005 and 2014, and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 =4.91, 6.20, P<0.05). The overweight and obesity rates of urban students were higher than those of rural students in 2005 and 2010 (χ 2 = 9.63, 5.97, P<0.05). The correlation analysis between the overweight and obesity rate of Ningxia students and socioeconomic indicators showed that the overweight and obesity of Ningxia students from 2000 to 2014 was closely related to the level of Ningxia socioeconomic development, especially the obesity detection rate of rural students was related to Ningxia’ s GDP and The correlation between GDP, per capita disposable income, per capita consumption expenditure, and urbanization rate is stronger ( r = 0.98, 0.98, 0.99, 1.00, 0.93, P<0.05).
Conclusion Socioeconomic of Ningxia is rapidly increasing, and the overweight and obesity rate of Han students aged 7 to 18 is also increasing. It is suggested that society, schools and parents should pay great attention to this phenomenon, build community-wide efforts to prevent childhood obesity, and prevent chronic diseases caused by overweight and obesity occurrence risk.
【摘要】 目的 分析 2000—2014 年宁夏 7〜18 岁汉族学生超重肥胖率变化趋势, 为宁夏地区预防控制儿童青少年超 重肥胖提供科学依据。 方法 基于 2000—2014 年宁夏 4 次学生体质调研中 7〜18 岁汉族学生的身高、体重等数据, 采用 SPSS 21.0 进行趋势分析。 结果 2000—2014 年间, 宁夏汉族 7〜18 岁学生超重肥胖率均呈现上升趋势。2014 年与 2000 年相比, 总超重率增加 2.06 倍, 肥胖率增加 4.40 倍。2005 和 2014 年男生超重肥胖率均高于女生, 差异有统计学意义 (χ 2 值分别为 4.91, 6.20, P 值均<0.05)。2005 和 2010 年城市学生超重率、肥胖率均高于乡村学生 (χ 2 值分别为 9.63, 5.97, P 值均<0.05)。相关分析结果显示, 2000—2014 年宁夏学生超重肥胖与社会经济发展水平密切相关, 尤其是乡村学生肥胖检 出率与国民生产总值 (GDP)、人均 GDP、人均可支配收人、人均消费支出、城镇化率之间的相关性更强 ( r 值分别为 0.98, 0.98, 0.99, 1.00, 0.93, P 值均<0.05)。 结论 宁夏社会经济水平迅速提高, 7〜18 岁汉族学生超重肥胖率也不断升高。社 会、学校、家长应高度重视该现象, 做好学生超重肥胖的防治工作, 提前防止因超重肥胖引起慢性病发生的风险。