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      Effect of early adversity on sleep quality of college students

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      Chinese Journal of School Health
      Chinese School Health Editorial Department
      Poverty, Sleep, Mental health, Students

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          Abstract

          Objective To explore the effect of early adversity on sleep quality of college students, and to provide a reference for relieving the negative effects of early adversity.

          Methods The cross-sectional design and two-stage sampling method was used to select 874 college students from five universities in central China. Questionnaires of socioeconomic status, perception of control were used to make an investigation, and the data was analyzed through t test, hierarchical multiple regression, and Bootstrap program.

          Results The sleep quality of college students with early poverty (4.24±1.46) was significantly lower than that of normal college students (4.77±1.32) ( t = 3.37, P<0.01). The sense of control of college students acted as a personal resource that attenuated the negative impact of childhood socioeconomic status on young adult sleep equality after controlling the gender, age and current socioeconomic status ( β = -0.08, 95% CI = -0.13 ~ −0.01, P<0.05).

          Conclusion These results suggest that early adversity is negatively related to college students’ sleep equality robustly, and sense of control can be a valuable buffer between childhood SES and adult sleep equality.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 探讨早期贫困经历对大学生当前睡眠质量的影响,为缓解早期贫困负面影响提供思路。 方法 采用 2阶段抽样方法,抽取芜湖地区5所大学的874名学生,使用社会经济地位量表、Lachman控制感量表等进行调査,所获数 据使用 t检验、分层回归和Bootstrap程序等方法进行分析。 结果 有早期贫困经历大学生的睡眠质量(4.24± 1.46)显著低 于普通大学生(4.77±1.32) ( t = 3.37, P<0.01)。学生睡眠质量更低 ( t = 3.37, P<0.01)。在控制性别、年龄和当前社会经济地 位后,个体的控制感可以削弱早期社会经济地位与睡眠质量的联系 ( β =-0.08,95% CI =-0.13~−0.01, P<0.05)。 结论 早 期贫困经历对大学生的睡眠质量有负向影响,个体的控制感可以减弱该影响。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese School Health Editorial Department (China )
          1000-9817
          01 February 2020
          01 January 2020
          : 40
          : 2
          : 246-248
          Affiliations
          [1] 1College of International Education, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu (241000), Anhui Province, China
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.02.024
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.02.024
          8febcff7-dee8-4e21-869d-aedd54166f55
          © 2019 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Product
          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Mental health,Poverty,Sleep,Students

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