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      Building effective clinical teams in healthcare

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          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Purpose

          This article aims to review teamwork and the creation of effective teams within healthcare.

          Designmethodologyapproach

          By combining research material found in management, psychology and health services research the article explores the drivers increasing the importance of teamwork, reviews the current knowledge base on how to build a team and focuses on some of the barriers to effective team performance.

          Findings

          The simultaneous inflation of healthcare costs and necessity to improve quality of care has generated a demand for novel solutions in policy, strategy, commissioning and provider organisations. A critical, but commonly undervalued means by which quality can be improved is through structured, formalised incentivisation and development of teams, and the ability of individuals to work collectively and in collaboration. Several factors appear to contribute to the development of successful teams, including effective communication, comprehensive decision making, safety awareness and the ability to resolve conflict. Not only is strong leadership important if teams are to function effectively but the concept and importance of followership is also vital.

          Research limitationsimplications

          Building effective clinical teams is difficult. The research in this area is currently limited, as is the authors' understanding of the different requirements faced by those working in different areas of the health and social care environment.

          Originalityvalue

          This article provides a starting place for those interested in leading and developing teams of clinicians.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 17

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          Simulation-Based Training in Anesthesia Crisis Resource Management (ACRM): A Decade of Experience

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            Reducing patient mortality in hospitals: the role of human resource management

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              Does team training work? Principles for health care.

              Teamwork is integral to a working environment conducive to patient safety and care. Team training is one methodology designed to equip team members with the competencies necessary for optimizing teamwork. There is evidence of team training's effectiveness in highly complex and dynamic work environments, such as aviation and health care. However, most quantitative evaluations of training do not offer any insight into the actual reasons why, how, and when team training is effective. To address this gap in understanding, and to provide guidance for members of the health care community interested in implementing team training programs, this article presents both quantitative results and a specific qualitative review and content analysis of team training implemented in health care. Based on this review, we offer eight evidence-based principles for effective planning, implementation, and evaluation of team training programs specific to health care.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                jhom
                10.1108/jhom
                Journal of Health Organization and Management
                Emerald Publishing
                1477-7266
                03 August 2012
                : 26
                : 4
                : 428-436
                Affiliations
                Healthcare Management Group, Imperial College Business School, London, UK and The Wharton Entrepreneurship and Family Business Research Centre, University of Pennsylvania, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
                Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
                Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, St Mary's Hospital, London, UK
                Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, St Mary's Hospital, London, UK
                Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, St Mary's Hospital, London, UK
                Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, St Mary's Hospital, London, UK
                Article
                0250260401.pdf 0250260401
                10.1108/14777261211251508
                © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
                Product
                Categories
                review-article, General review
                cat-HSC, Health & social care
                cat-HMAN, Healthcare management
                Custom metadata
                yes
                yes
                included

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