Given the improved understanding of the complexity of individual diets, the method of evaluating dietary characteristics by analyzing the overall dietary pattern has been widely explored. The Dietary Index is commonly used to assess dietary patterns. Some countries have established dietary indices that are suitable for the diet and growth characteristics of children in their domestic population. The study aimed to review widely used and representative dietary indices for children, and to analyze the characteristics of the established index system and the scoring methods that were used for each dietary index, so as to provide a basis for developing a more accurate assessment of overall diet quality in children.
【摘要】随着对个体饮食复杂性认知日益增加, 通过分析整体膳食模式评估膳食特征的研究方法逐渐被广泛探究。膳食 指数法是评估膳食模式的一种常见方法。一些国家已建立适用本国儿童膳食及生长发育特点的膳食指数。本研究拟通过 对应用较为广泛、具有代表性的儿童膳食指数法进行综述, 分析儿童膳食指数建立指标及评分方法特点, 为更准确评估儿 童整体膳食质量提供方法参考。