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      Construct Validity and Dimensionality of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Its Association with Spiritual Values Within Irish Population


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          Until this research, correlation of Rosenberg’s (1965) self-esteem scale (RSES), with religious and spiritual values, was never investigated using the measure as a twofold construct instead of the monolithic form. This research paper explores the prediction of RSES by spiritual values using a twofold structure of: self-esteem-positive (SEP) and self-esteem-negative (SEN), to specify individual and fragmented correlations with spirituality, which until now was unobtainable. Confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling were applied to analyse the data. The survey was conducted among two-hundred and sixty-eight participants from the Republic of Ireland. The research finds that spirituality influences peoples’ self-esteem, but clear and linear correlation between spirituality and self-esteem is difficult to be concluded. People respond oppositely and differently to positive and to negative items in the RSES which indicates that the measure is a combination of two statistically consistent constructs: SEP and SEN. The results of the study confirm that there are many spiritual areas that affect self-esteem.

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                Author and article information

                J Relig Health
                J Relig Health
                Journal of Religion and Health
                Springer US (New York )
                3 May 2019
                3 May 2019
                : 59
                : 1
                : 381-398
                [1 ]GRID grid.17165.34, ISNI 0000 0001 0682 421X, Department of Psychology, , University of Finance and Management, ; Warsaw, Poland
                [2 ]PCI College, Dublin, Ireland
                [3 ]GRID grid.8217.c, ISNI 0000 0004 1936 9705, Department of Education, , Marino Institute of Education, ; Dublin, Ireland
                [4 ]GRID grid.418998.5, ISNI 0000 0004 0488 2696, Department of Business, , Sligo Institute of Technology, ; Sligo, Ireland
                © The Author(s) 2019

                Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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                © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020


                self-esteem, spirituality, sem, ireland


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