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      Eating Disorders in Young Women with Type 1 Diabetes

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          Disordered eating attitudes and behavior are common and persistent in adolescent and young adult females with type 1 diabetes, and are associated with impaired metabolic control and a higher risk of diabetes-related complications. Specific aspects of diabetes and its management, e.g. weight gain associated with initiation of insulin treatment or improved metabolic control, and dietary restraint, may trigger the body dissatisfaction and drive for thinness that accompany eating disturbances. Health care providers should be aware of the possible association between eating disturbances and diabetes, and also of the types of behavior, particularly insulin omission for weight loss, that are common in these young women. Therapy will depend on the severity of the eating disturbance. Group psychoeducation, incorporating a nondeprivational approach to eating, may prove effective, especially in those with milder degrees of eating and weight psychopathology.

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          Disordered eating behavior and microvascular complications in young women with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

          Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and eating disorders are relatively common among young women in North America. Their coexistence could lead to poor metabolic control and an increased risk of the microvascular complications of IDDM. We studied 91 young women with IDDM at base line and four to five years later to determine the prevalence and persistence of disordered eating behavior (on the basis of self-reported eating and weight-loss practices, including the intentional omission or underdosing of insulin to control weight) and the association of such eating disorders with metabolic control, diabetic retinopathy, and urinary albumin excretion. At base line, the mean age of the young women was 15+/-2 years and the duration of diabetes was 7+/-4 years. At base line, 26 of 91 young women (29 percent) had highly or moderately disordered eating behavior, which persisted in 16 (18 percent) and improved in 10 (11 percent). Of the 65 women with normal eating behavior at base line (71 percent), 14 (15 percent) had disordered eating at follow-up. Omission or underdosing of insulin lose weight was reported by 12 of 88 young women (14 percent) at base line and 30 (34 percent) at follow-up (P=0.003). At base line, the mean (+/-SD) hemoglobin A(1c) value was higher in the group with highly disordered eating behavior (11.1+/-1.2 percent) than in the groups whose eating behavior was moderately disordered (8.9+/-1.7 percent) or nondisordered (8.7+/-1.6 percent, P<0.001). Disordered eating at base line was associated with retinopathy four years later (P=0.004), when 86 percent of the young women with highly disordered eating behavior, 43 percent of those with moderately disordered eating behavior, and 24 percent of those with nondisordered eating behavior had retinopathy. Disordered eating behavior is common and persistent in young women with IDDM and is associated with impaired metabolic control and a higher risk of diabetic retinopathy.
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            Anorexia nervosa and bulimia in female adolescents with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus: A systematic study

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              Anorexia nervosa in association with diabetes mellitus—a cognitive-behavioural approach to treatment


                Author and article information

                Horm Res Paediatr
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                July 1998
                17 November 2004
                : 50
                : Suppl 1
                : 79-86
                Departments of Pediatrics and Psychiatry, University of Toronto, The Hospital for Sick Children and The Toronto Hospital, Toronto, Canada
                53110 Horm Res 1998;50(suppl 1):79–86
                © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

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                Pages: 8
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