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      Status and influencing factors of health behaviors of community residents in the period of COVID-19 epidemic

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      China Tropical Medicine

      China Tropical Medicine

      COVID-19, community residents, health behaviors, influencing factors

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          Abstract

          Objective To understand the community residents′ health behaviors and the influencing factors in the period of COVID-19 epidemic.

          Methods Questionnaires, which were designed, and then distributed and collected online; were statistical analyzed.

          Results According to a total of 523 valid questionnaires collected, 87.00% residents had no confirmed COVID-19 cases around them, 74.19% knew its transmission route, 69.02% knew the disease preventive measures, 80.50% believed the disease preventive measures, 12.62% believed the disease did not pose serious threat on their lives, and 65.39% were fear of the disease to different degrees. Among the health behaviors, the behavior of wearing a mask initiatively accounts for the largest proportion (97.13%), while the lowest proportion goes to the behavior of eating by dishes separately and using serving chopsticks (35.37%). According to multiple Logistic regression analysis, the factors that influence the community residents′ health behaviors include occupation, access to epidemic information via social platform/newspapers and periodicals, supporting degree of community’s enclosed management, understandings on the confirmed cases nearby and preventive measures and degree of faith. Teachers / medical workers / civil public servants [ OR(95% CI): 2.700(1.235-5.904)], and the residents who knew epidemic information via newspapers and periodicals [ OR(95% CI): 1.728(1.072-2.787)], supported community’s enclosed management [ OR(95% CI): 2.148(1.150-4.013)], knew about preventive measures [ OR(95% CI): 2.274 (1.468-3.523)], and trusted these measures [ OR(95% CI): 1.879(1.119-3.154)] had good health behaviors while the residents hardly knowing whether there was any confirmed case around them [ OR(95% CI):0.253(0.107-0.600)], and knew the epidemic information via social platform [ OR(95% CI): 0.393(0.221 − 0.698)] had poor health behaviors.

          Conclusion To cope with the COVID-19, community residents would take certain health behaviors initiatively, which, however, need intensifying. Residents should also enhance their prevention awareness and health behavior level.

          Abstract

          摘要: 目的 了解新冠肺炎期间社区居民健康行为情况及影响因素。 方法 设计调查问卷通过网络平台发放和 收集 ,并 进行统计学分析。 结果 共收回 523 份有效问卷。 其中 ,87.00% 的居民周围没有确诊的新冠肺炎患者、 74.19% 的居民了解疾病传播途径、69.02% 的居民了解疾病预防措施、80.50% 的居民相信疾病预防措施、12.62% 的居民 认为疫情对其生活威胁不严重、65.39% 的居民对疾病感到不同程度的恐惧。健康行为中,主动佩戴口罩的行为所占比 例最高(97.13%),进行分餐和使用公筷的行为所占比例最低(35.37%)。多因素 Logistic 回归分析显示,职业、是否通过 社交平台/报刊杂志获取疫情信息、对小区封闭管理的支持程度、周围是否有确诊患者、对预防措施的了解程度及相信 程度影响社区居民健康行为。教师/医务工作者/公务人员[ OR(95% CI):2.700(1.235~5.904)]健康行为更好,通过报刊杂 志了解疫情信息[ OR(95% CI):1.728(1.072~2.787)]、支持小区封闭管理[ OR(95% CI):2.148(1.150~4.013)]、了解预防措施 [ OR(95% CI):2.274(1.468~3.523)]、相信预防措施[ OR(95% CI):1.879(1.119~3.154)]的居民健康行为更好,不知道周围是 否有确诊患者[ OR(95% CI):0.253(0.107~0.600)]、通过社交平台了解疫情信息[ OR(95% CI):0.393(0.221~0.698)]的居民 健康行为较差。 结论 新冠肺炎疫情期间,社区居民会主动采取一定的健康行为,但有待加强,还应增强居民的预防 意识,提高居民的健康行为水平。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CTM
          China Tropical Medicine
          China Tropical Medicine (China )
          1009-9727
          01 October 2020
          01 October 2020
          : 20
          : 10
          : 926-932
          Affiliations
          1Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan 646000, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: JU Mei, E-mail: 593576753@ 123456qq.com
          Article
          j.cnki.46-1064/r.2020.10.04
          10.13604/j.cnki.46-1064/r.2020.10.04
          © 2020 Editorial Department of China Tropical Medicine

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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