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      IgA Nephropathy in a Patient with Polycythemia vera

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          Abstract

          IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is one of the most frequent forms of glomerulonephritis (GN). However, its association with polycythemia vera (PV) has rarely been described. We report a case of IgAN combined with PV. The patient was a 46-year-old male with chronic renal failure, heavy proteinuria and erythrocytosis. He also presented hypertension and hematuria as well as splenomegaly, high arterial oxygen saturation and elevated leukocyte alkaline phosphatase activity. Possible causes of secondary erythrocytosis were ruled out. The renal biopsy revealed mesangial proliferative GN with predominant IgA deposition in mesangium. He was diagnosed as having IgAN and PV concomitantly. After administration of hydroxyurea, enalapril and felodipine, blood cell count and blood pressure normalized, while azotemia persisted. There was also a partial remission of the heavy proteinuria. We describe a case of IgAN associated with PV, and possible pathophysiologic relationships between two diseases are discussed with review of the literature.

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          Most cited references 2

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          Secondary Polycythemia Associated with Idiopathic Membranous Nephropathy

          A 58-year-old male patient had secondary polycythemia associated with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. The renal biopsy revealed membranous nephropathy, and the bone marrow biopsy disclosed hypercellular marrow with mild panhyperplasia. The concentration of serum erythropoietin was 8.5 mU/ml. The erythrocytosis was characterized by an increased red cell volume (40.2 ml/kg) and normal arterial oxygen saturation. There were no associated lesions that could induce secondary polycythemia, except the biopsy-proven membranous nephropathy. He was treated with prednisolone and cyclophosphamide, and the nephrotic syndrome was partially remitted after 6 weeks. With partial remission of nephrotic syndrome, the erythrocytosis was resolved. This case illustrates the rarely reported association of the nephrotic syndrome and erythrocytosis, and the resolution of erythrocytosis with improvement of nephrotic syndrome.
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            Erythrocytosis associated with the nephrotic syndrome

             R. Sonneborn (1977)
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              Author and article information

              Journal
              AJN
              Am J Nephrol
              10.1159/issn.0250-8095
              American Journal of Nephrology
              S. Karger AG
              0250-8095
              1421-9670
              2002
              August 2002
              02 August 2002
              : 22
              : 4
              : 397-401
              Affiliations
              Departments of aDiagnostic Pathology and bInternal Medicine, Asan KangNung Hospital and cDepartment of Internal Medicine, Asan KangNung Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, KangNung City, South Korea
              Article
              65236 Am J Nephrol 2002;22:397–401
              10.1159/000065236
              12169877
              © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 2, Tables: 1, References: 21, Pages: 5
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/65236
              Categories
              Case Report

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