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      The landless rural movement and the settlements in the West of Paraná: agreements and disagreements over the struggle for land Translated title: O MST e os assentamentos rurais no Oeste do Paraná: encontros e desencontros na luta pela terra

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          Abstract

          This paper examines three case studies of rural settlements in the west of Paraná, which were settled in different periods, and are representative of the changes in the Movement of Landless Rural Workers (MST) over the years, particularly as regards the organizational forms assumed by the rural settlements. These were based on the collective organization of production, which, when implemented, provoked conflicts revealing the inadequacies of such model. This paper also highlights the tensions between the leadership of the MST and its base, directly related to the existence of two projects in clear opposition: the ideological political project of the MST leadership and the project for organizing daily life and production by the social base of the movement.

          Translated abstract

          Este artigo resgata três estudos sobre assentamentos rurais, localizados no Oeste paranaense e representativos das mudanças pelas quais passou o Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem-Terra (MST) ao longo dos anos, sobretudo no que se refere às modalidades organizacionais definidas para os assentamentos rurais. Essas modalidades tiveram como base a organização coletiva da produção e, quando foram implantadas, provocaram conflitos e enfrentamentos, evidenciando equívocos na adoção de tipologias modelares da organização da produção nos assentamentos rurais. O texto analisa os muitos desencontros entre direção e base do MST como resultado da existência de dois projetos em franca colisão: o projeto político-ideológico da direção do MST e o projeto de vida e de organização da produção da base social do movimento.

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          The Brazilian health system: history, advances, and challenges.

          Brazil is a country of continental dimensions with widespread regional and social inequalities. In this report, we examine the historical development and components of the Brazilian health system, focusing on the reform process during the past 40 years, including the creation of the Unified Health System. A defining characteristic of the contemporary health sector reform in Brazil is that it was driven by civil society rather than by governments, political parties, or international organisations. The advent of the Unified Health System increased access to health care for a substantial proportion of the Brazilian population, at a time when the system was becoming increasingly privatised. Much is still to be done if universal health care is to be achieved. Over the past 20 years, there have been other advances, including investments in human resources, science and technology, and primary care, and a substantial decentralisation process, widespread social participation, and growing public awareness of a right to health care. If the Brazilian health system is to overcome the challenges with which it is presently faced, strengthened political support is needed so that financing can be restructured and the roles of both the public and private sector can be redefined. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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            Vigiar e punir

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              História da sexualidade - A vontade de saber

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: TR
                Journal
                s_esaa
                Estudos Sociedade e Agricultura
                Estud.soc.agric.
                Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro )
                1413-0580
                2005
                : 1
                : se
                : 0
                Affiliations
                [1 ] University of Western Paraná
                S1413-05802005000100002
                10.1590/s1413-05802005000100002

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                Product Information: SciELO Social Sciences

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