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      Revision of Claraeola (Diptera, Pipunculidae) in the Middle East based on morphology and DNA barcodes

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      ZooKeys

      Pensoft Publishers

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          Abstract

          The Middle East species of Claraeola Aczél (Diptera, Pipunculidae) are revised based on morphological characteristics and sequence data from the mitochondrial COI barcoding gene, using a novel COI mini-barcode protocol. Four new Claraeola species are described: C. bousynterga Motamedinia & Skevington, sp. nov., C. heidiae Motamedinia & Skevington, sp. nov., C. khuzestanensis Motamedinia & Skevington, sp. nov., and C. mantisphalliga Motamedinia & Skevington, sp. nov. Eudorylas thekkadiensis Kapoor, Grewal & Sharma, 1987 is transferred to Claraeola, C. thekkadiensis ( comb. nov.). Diagnoses, illustrations, an identification key, and a distributional map are given for the Middle East species.

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          Most cited references 12

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          Insect vectors of phytoplasmas.

          Plant diseases caused by, or associated with, phytoplasmas occur in hundreds of commercial and native plants, causing minor to extensive damage. Insect vectors, primarily leafhoppers, planthoppers, and psyllids, have been identified for relatively few phytoplasma diseases, limiting the capacity of managers to make informed decisions to protect crops and endangered indigenous plants. In the past two decades our knowledge of insect vector-phytoplasma interactions has increased dramatically, allowing researchers to make more accurate predictions about the nature and epidemiology of phytoplasma diseases. These better-characterized systems also may provide clues to the identity of insect vectors of other phytoplasma-associated diseases. We review the literature addressing the ecology of insect vectors, phytoplasma-insect ecological and molecular interactions, vector movement and dispersal, and possible management strategies with an emphasis on research from the past 20 years.
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            Diptera-Specific Polymerase Chain Reaction Amplification Primers of Use in Molecular Phylogenetic Research

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              FIRST RECORD OF A BIG-HEADED FLY, EUDORYLAS ALTERNATUS (CRESSON) (DIPTERA: PIPUNCULIDAE), REARED FROM THE SUBFAMILY CICADELLINAE (HOMOPTERA: CICADELLIDAE), WITH AN OVERVIEW OF PIPUNCULID–HOST ASSOCIATIONS IN THE NEARCTIC REGION

              Eudorylas alternatus (Cresson) is recorded as a parasitoid of Cuerna striata (Walker) (Homoptera: Cicadellidae, Cicadellinae), providing the first known example of a big-headed fly parasitizing a cicadelline. Rearing methods and parasitism rates are discussed, and a summary of known Nearctic pipunculid–host associations is presented along with an overview of big-headed fly natural history. Résumé Eudorylas alternatus (Cresson) est attesté comme un parasitoid de Cuerna striata (Walker) (Homoptera : Cicadellidae, Cicadellinae), pourvu la premier exemple de parasitisme d’un pipunculid sur un cicadelline. Méthodes d’élever et la taux de parasitisme sont discuté, et un résumé du Nearctic pipunculid–hôte associations reconnus est offrait avec un résumé du pipunculid histoire naturelle.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                ZooKeys
                ZK
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2970
                1313-2989
                August 29 2019
                August 29 2019
                : 873
                : 85-111
                Article
                10.3897/zookeys.873.36645
                6728318
                31534387
                © 2019

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