0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Effects of Ionizing Radiation on Progressive Experimental Renal Disease: A Hemodynamic Approach

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          In order to evaluate the progression of renal disease, Munich-Wistar rats were submitted to 5/6 nephrectomy and given whole-body x- or γ-irradiation with or without remnant kidney protection or were submitted only to remnant kidney irradiation. All groups received a single 6-Gy dose immediately after surgery. Whole-kidney function, glomerular hemodynamics, 24-hour proteinuria and histopathology were assessed 60 days after surgery and irradiation. The irradiated nephrectomized animals presented whole-kidney function parameters comparable to those of normal rats. In addition, they were less hypertensive and had higher hematocrit. They showed glomerular hyperfiltration and hypertension even greater than their respective nephrectomized controls. However, the interrelations among the glomerular filtration determinants were somewhat different in irradiated animals. Their 24-hour proteinuria was significantly lower and the sclerosis index and tubulointerstitial injury score were markedly smaller. Among irradiated animals, the worst sclerosis index was observed in those with a shielded remnant kidney and the best in those without protection of the remnant kidney. This led us to speculate about a possible influence of resident mesangial cells on the early events following renal mass ablation and on the maintenance of subsequent physiopathologic changes. Therefore, radiation undoubtedly provoked a beneficial change in the course of renal disease when the renal mass ablation model was employed. Many factors could have contributed to this favorable feature including lower levels of systemic arterial pressure, less increment in ΔP, diminished proteinuria, and maintenance of tubulointerstitial space integrity. Our data also suggest that development of glomerulosclerosis seems to be determined by events occurring immediately after injury.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 2

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Recent advances in radiation oncology.

          Radiotherapy remains an important component of the management of malignant disease. Especially when combined with cytotoxic chemotherapy, limited surgical excision, or both, irradiation has been shown to control disease in the primary site and regional nodes without the need for surgical extirpation as frequently as in past years. New developments in three-dimensional treatment planning and the precise delivery of high-dose radiation promise to increase the benefit of radiation treatment. Finally, molecular studies of the cell's response to radiation and the phenomena of DNA damage and repair are providing explanations for heretofore unexplained radiobiologic observations. Such research is laying the groundwork for targeted manipulation of the cell's response to radiation, which will be tested in the near future.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            A comparative study of total body irradiation as a method of inducing granulocyte depletion in mice.

            Since conventional methods of inducing depletion of polymorphonuclear granulocytes (PMNs) in mice, such as treatment with cytostatic drugs and anti-PMN sera, proved to be insufficient to induce a stable PMN depletion for several days, and were accompanied by considerable toxic side effects, we induced neutrophil depletion in mice by total body irradiation (TBI) in a single dose of 6.0 Gy (600 rads.) at a dose rate of 0.20 Gy/min. This treatment reduced the number of PMNs in the peripheral circulation to values below 150/microliter from day 3-10 after irradiation. The number of lymphocytes fell simultaneously. Platelet counts remained above 60% of normal values during the first 7 days after irradiation. Complement levels were not significantly affected by TBI. The results show that TBI of 6.0 Gy induces pronounced and stable PMN depletion in mice for at least 7 days. Furthermore, under an aseptic regimen the mice can be kept in good condition and losses are less than 5%.
              Bookmark

              Author and article information

              Journal
              NEF
              Nephron
              10.1159/issn.1660-8151
              Nephron
              S. Karger AG
              1660-8151
              2235-3186
              2001
              2001
              22 January 2001
              : 87
              : 1
              : 58-65
              Affiliations
              Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, SP, Brazil
              Article
              45885 Nephron 2001;87:58–65
              10.1159/000045885
              11174027
              © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 1, Tables: 4, References: 37, Pages: 8
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45885
              Categories
              Original Paper

              Comments

              Comment on this article