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      Vascular Plant Herbarium at the Kandalaksha Strict Nature Reserve (KAND), Russia

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          Abstract

          Background

          The present-day demand for digital availability of distributional data in biodiversity studies requires a special effort in assembling and editing the data otherwise scattered in paper literature and herbarium collections, which can be poorly accessible or little understood to present-day users and especially automatic data processors. Our project on developing the information resource for the vascular plant flora of Murmansk Region, Russia, includes processing and making digitally available all the data on the taxonomy and distribution of this flora. So far, published distribution maps are limited to the old set in the Flora of Murmansk Region (published in 1953–1966) and the Red Data Book of Murmansk Region (ed. 2, published in 2014). These publications did not take into account the main part of the herbarium collections kept at the Kandalaksha Strict Nature Reserve, which are the basis for numerous local publications that appear scattered and, therefore, little accessible nowadays.

          New information

          We present a complete dataset of all holdings of vascular plants in the Herbarium of the Kandalaksha Strict Nature Reserve, totalling 10,218 specimens collected during 1947–2019, which are referable to 764 species and 19 subspecies. All specimens were georeferenced with the utmost precision available. This dataset offers a complete and dense coverage of the Nature Reserve's territory (islands and adjacent mainland coastal areas of the Barents and White Seas, Murmansk Region and Republic of Karelia, Russia); these data are little represented in herbarium collections elsewhere.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 54

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          Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification

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            Why vouchers matter in botanical research1

            What is a voucher and why is it important in research? As a preserved specimen of an identified taxon deposited in a permanent and accessible storage facility, the voucher serves as the supporting material for published studies of the taxon and ensures that the science is repeatable. Vouchers are crucial in authenticating the taxonomy of an organism, as a tool for identifying localities of the taxon, and for additional taxonomic, genetic, ecological, and/or environmental research.
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              A grid-based map for the Biogeographical Regions of Europe

              Biogeographical units are widely adopted in ecological research and nature conservation management, even though biogeographical regionalisation is still under scientific debate. The European Environment Agency provided an official map of the European Biogeographical Regions (EBRs), which contains the official boundaries used in the Habitats and Birds Directives. However, these boundaries bisect cells in the official EU 10 km × 10 km grid used for many purposes, including reporting species and habitat data, meaning that 6881 cells overlap two or more regions. Therefore, superimposing the EBRs vector map over the grid creates ambiguities in associating some cells with European Biogeographical Regions. To provide an operational tool to unambiguously define the boundaries of the eleven European Biogeographical Regions, we provide a specifically developed raster map of Grid-Based European Biogeographical Regions (GB-EBRs). In this new map, the borders of the EBRs are reshaped to coherently match the standard European 10 km × 10 km grid imposed for reporting tasks by Article 17 of the Habitats Directive and used for many other datasets. We assign each cell to the EBR with the largest area within the cell.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                1
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:F9B2E808-C883-5F47-B276-6D62129E4FF4
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:245B00E9-BFE5-4B4F-B76E-15C30BA74C02
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2836
                1314-2828
                2020
                02 December 2020
                : 8
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia Lomonosov Moscow State University Moscow Russia
                [2 ] Kandalaksha Strict Nature Reserve, Kandalaksha, Russia Kandalaksha Strict Nature Reserve Kandalaksha Russia
                [3 ] Avrorin Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute, Apatity, Russia Avrorin Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute Apatity Russia
                [4 ] University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland University of Helsinki Helsinki Finland
                [5 ] Komarov Botanical Institute, Saint Petersburg, Russia Komarov Botanical Institute Saint Petersburg Russia
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Mikhail N. Kozhin ( mnk_umba@ 123456mail.ru ).

                Academic editor: Ivan Chadin

                Article
                59731 14881
                10.3897/BDJ.8.e59731
                7725758
                Mikhail N. Kozhin, Alexander N. Sennikov

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 8, Tables: 2, References: 54
                Categories
                Data Paper (Biosciences)
                West of Urals 2020
                Monilophytes
                Angiospermae
                Gymnospermae
                Lycopodiophyta
                Plantae
                Biodiversity & Conservation
                Russia

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