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      Clinical Utility of the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure in Older Adult Rehabilitation and Nursing Homes: Perceptions among Occupational Therapists and Physiotherapists in Spain

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          Abstract

          Introduction

          Scientific evidence that supports the psychometric properties of the COPM as a tool to enable personalized care has been repeatedly shown. However, there is a lack of studies about its utility within the Spanish research community.

          Aim

          This qualitative study seeks to ascertain the perceptions of professionals from social health centers, nursing homes, and Spanish rehabilitation services about the clinical utility of the COPM as a standardized instrument.

          Methods

          Thirty occupational therapists and physiotherapists in four focus groups discussed the experience of applying the COPM. The interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) incorporated a multidimensional model of clinical utility based on the components of acceptable, appropriate, accessible, and practicable by the clients, professionals, and institutions. Results and Discussion. The results of the utility study showed that the COPM helped professionals and clients to gain significant involvement in the treatment process. The COPM contributed to the process of further goal setting, occupation-based, and client-centered, thus achieving considerable satisfaction from the clients that had treatment. The professional training and adaptation to the geriatric population were vital to this process.

          Conclusion

          The COPM is a useful and viable tool for the institutions that are supportive of a client-centered approach in the Spanish context.

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          Most cited references 42

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          Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA): A Qualitative Methodology of Choice in Healthcare Research

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            FUNCTIONAL EVALUATION: THE BARTHEL INDEX.

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              Appraising the trustworthiness of qualitative studies: Guidelines for occupational therapists

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Occup Ther Int
                Occup Ther Int
                OTI
                Occupational Therapy International
                Hindawi
                0966-7903
                1557-0703
                2020
                10 December 2020
                : 2020
                Affiliations
                1Escola Universitària d'Infermeria i Teràpia Ocupacional de Terrassa (EUIT), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), C/de la Riba, 90, 08221 Terrassa, Spain
                2Department of Physiotherapy (Occupational Therapy), Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Málaga (UMA), C/Arquitecto Francisco Peñalosa, 3, 29017 Málaga, Spain
                3Department of Psychobiology and Methodology of Health Sciences, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Campus de Bellaterra, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
                Author notes

                Academic Editor: Andrea Gl ssel

                Article
                10.1155/2020/3071405
                7787804
                33500685
                Copyright © 2020 Elisabet Capdevila et al.

                This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Funding
                Funded by: Generalitat de Catalunya
                Award ID: 2017 SGR 1405
                Funded by: Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional
                Funded by: Agencia Estatal de Investigación
                Funded by: Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades
                Award ID: SPGC201800 × 098742CV0
                Award ID: PGC2018-098742-B-C31
                Categories
                Research Article

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