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      Assistive Relief Tool for Early Childhood and Special Psychological Symptom Groups during the Pandemic: Clothing Design Based on the Virtual Contact Principle

      1 , 1 , 2 , , 1
      Occupational Therapy International

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          During the COVID-19 pandemic, some special populations—groups of early childhood and people with autism, among others—faced more profound challenges than the common people. The lack of real physical contact such as embracing greatly affected the effectiveness of development, psychiatric treatment, and other processes for these populations. This study is aimed at developing clothing with appropriate contact pressure based on the contact comfort principle of psychology and providing a type of pressure clothing that can relieve the wearer's tension by simulating hugging, alleviating the lack of physical contact for early childhood education and special education groups during the pandemic. First, the elementary requirements of clothing design are attained using a questionnaire survey and test method. The analysis revealed that clothing should fulfill the four requirements of pressure comfort, fabric softness, wearing and taking off comfort, and visual beauty. Second, we realized the performance requirements in the fabric and accessories, style design, structure design, and functional design. Finally, the product experience is proposed through a fitting, and the reasonable opinions were fed back to the product design to enhance the functionality of clothing. The research shows that clothing can simulate hugging and can ease the loneliness of the wearer. This study can be used as a good tool to assist during the pandemic for early childhood education and special psychological symptom groups, as well as a broader group of people living alone at home, to play an adjunctive treatment and loneliness relief functions.

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          Most cited references24

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          Online Social Networking and Addiction—A Review of the Psychological Literature

          Social Networking Sites (SNSs) are virtual communities where users can create individual public profiles, interact with real-life friends, and meet other people based on shared interests. They are seen as a ‘global consumer phenomenon’ with an exponential rise in usage within the last few years. Anecdotal case study evidence suggests that ‘addiction’ to social networks on the Internet may be a potential mental health problem for some users. However, the contemporary scientific literature addressing the addictive qualities of social networks on the Internet is scarce. Therefore, this literature review is intended to provide empirical and conceptual insight into the emerging phenomenon of addiction to SNSs by: (1) outlining SNS usage patterns, (2) examining motivations for SNS usage, (3) examining personalities of SNS users, (4) examining negative consequences of SNS usage, (5) exploring potential SNS addiction, and (6) exploring SNS addiction specificity and comorbidity. The findings indicate that SNSs are predominantly used for social purposes, mostly related to the maintenance of established offline networks. Moreover, extraverts appear to use social networking sites for social enhancement, whereas introverts use it for social compensation, each of which appears to be related to greater usage, as does low conscientiousness and high narcissism. Negative correlates of SNS usage include the decrease in real life social community participation and academic achievement, as well as relationship problems, each of which may be indicative of potential addiction.
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            The nature of love.

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              Early interaction: consequences for social and mental development at three years.

              Interaction during feeding sessions between preterm infants and their mothers and that between full-term infants and their mothers were compared. (Mothers and babies were from a low-income, inner-city population.) When the children were about 3 years old, they attended a day camp for 3 weeks, during which their cognitive ability (Stanford-Binet) and social ability (both social competence and social participation) were assessed. Early interaction was quite different for preterms and full-terms, but in general it did not predict either social or cognitive ability at age 3. Birth status (preterm/full-term) did predict cognitive (but not social) ability: preterms scored lower. Finally, the children of mothers who were more emotionally and verbally responsive during a home visit at 20 months exhibited more social and cognitive ability at age 3. These results suggest that the baby, within broad normal limits, may be "buffered" against any long-term consequences of interaction during the first few months of life.

                Author and article information

                Occup Ther Int
                Occup Ther Int
                Occupational Therapy International
                20 May 2022
                : 2022
                : 9701630
                1Clothing and Design Faculty, Minjiang University, Fuzhou 350108, China
                2Nanchang Key Laboratory of Clothing Digital System Design, Jiangxi Institute of Fashion Technology, Nanchang 330000, China
                Author notes

                Academic Editor: Sheng Bin

                Author information
                Copyright © 2022 Yunjuan Liu et al.

                This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                : 15 March 2022
                : 19 April 2022
                : 4 May 2022
                Funded by: National “One Belt, One Road” Innovation Talent Exchange for Foreign Experts
                Award ID: DL2021020001L
                Funded by: Fujian Provincial Education Science “14th Five-Year Plan”
                Award ID: FJJKBK21-140
                Funded by: Nanchang Key Laboratory of Clothing Digital System Design
                Award ID: 2019-NCZDSY-012
                Funded by: 2019 Science and Technology Research Project of Jiangxi Provincial Department of Education
                Award ID: GJJ191078
                Funded by: Minjiang University
                Award ID: MYK20026
                Funded by: Mindu Scholars Core Talent Programme
                Funded by: College Student Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Program of Fujian Province
                Award ID: 103952018200
                Funded by: Fujian Province University
                Award ID: MJXY-KF-201909
                Funded by: Provincial Science and Technology Plan Project
                Award ID: 2021J011033
                Research Article


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