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      Occupational health management of radiation workers in non-medical institutions in Shanxi Province, China

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          Abstract

          Objective To understand the basic information of the number, classification, and distribution of radiation work units in non-medical institutions in Shanxi Province, China, and to analyze the status quo of health management and radiation protection measures for radiation workers, so as to provide a scientific basis for occupational exposure protection in non-medical radiation work units and better protect the occupational health rights and interests of radiation workers.

          Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate some non-medical institutions in Shanxi Province. On-site testing was carried out to determine the risk factors for radioactive occupational diseases in the selected non-medical institutions.

          Results In 220 non-medical institutions, there were 340 radiation devices and 2 284 radioactive sources. The rate of individual dose monitoring was 92.7% and the rate of occupational health examination was 87.2%. These devices were equipped with 325 detection instruments for radiation protection, 1 316 personal protective equipment, and 730 personal dose alarms. Radiation occupational disease risk factors were investigated in 101 institutions.

          Conclusion The occupational health management of radiation workers in non-medical institutions in Shanxi Province is generally in line with the national standards. However, there is still a big gap with the level of occupational health management in medical institutions. The health administration departments should clarify the management measures for non-medical institutions and strengthen their supervision and management functions.

          Abstract

          摘要: 目的 掌握山西省非医疗机构放射工作单位数量以及分类分布基本情况, 分析放射工作人员健康管理和辐射 防护措施现状, 为非医疗机构放射工作单位的职业暴露防护提供科学依据, 更好地保障放射工作人员的职业健康权 益。 方法 采用问卷调查法, 对全省部分非医疗机构进行调查;通过现场检测, 对选取的非医疗机构开展放射性职业 病危害因素检测。 结果 220 家非医疗机构,射线装置共 340 台;放射源共 2 284 枚;个人剂量监测率为 92.7%, 职业健 康检查率为 87.2%。配置辐射防护检测仪表 325 台,个人防护用品 1 316 件, 个人剂量报警仪 730 台。开展放射性职业 病危害因素检测 101 家。 结论 山西省非医疗机构的放射工作人员的职业健康管理在总体上符合各项国家标准, 但 与医疗机构的职业健康管理水平还存在较大差距, 卫生行政部门应当明确各项专门针对非医疗机构用人单位的管理 措施, 加强其监督和管理职能。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJRH
          Chinese Journal of Radiological Health
          Chinese Preventive Medical Association (Ji’an, China )
          1004-714X
          01 February 2024
          01 April 2024
          : 33
          : 1
          : 92-95
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Taiyuan Disease Prevention and Control Center, Taiyuan 030032 China
          Author notes
          Corresponding author: XU Jihong, E-mail: zyzd919@ 123456163.com
          Article
          j.issn.1004-714X.2024.01.016
          10.13491/j.issn.1004-714X.2024.01.016
          91a5c47f-2945-4dee-bee0-6a716b600d3f
          © 2024 Chinese Journal of Radiological Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Categories
          Journal Article

          Medicine,Image processing,Radiology & Imaging,Bioinformatics & Computational biology,Health & Social care,Public health
          Non-medical institutions,Occupational health management,Radiation workers,Radiation protection

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