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      Epidemiology and risk factors of peri-implantitis: A systematic review

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          Most cited references58

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          Clinical research on peri-implant diseases: consensus report of Working Group 4.

          Two systematic reviews have evaluated the quality of research and reporting of observational studies investigating the prevalence of, the incidence of and the risk factors for peri-implant diseases and of experimental clinical studies evaluating the efficacy of preventive and therapeutic interventions.
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            Effectiveness of Implant Therapy Analyzed in a Swedish Population: Prevalence of Peri-implantitis.

            Peri-implantitis is an inflammatory disease affecting soft and hard tissues surrounding dental implants. As the global number of individuals that undergo restorative therapy through dental implants increases, peri-implantitis is considered as a major and growing problem in dentistry. A randomly selected sample of 588 patients who all had received implant-supported therapy 9 y earlier was clinically and radiographically examined. Prevalence of peri-implantitis was assessed and risk indicators were identified by multilevel regression analysis. Forty-five percent of all patients presented with peri-implantitis (bleeding on probing/suppuration and bone loss >0.5 mm). Moderate/severe peri-implantitis (bleeding on probing/suppuration and bone loss >2 mm) was diagnosed in 14.5%. Patients with periodontitis and with ≥4 implants, as well as implants of certain brands and prosthetic therapy delivered by general practitioners, exhibited higher odds ratios for moderate/severe peri-implantitis. Similarly, higher odds ratios were identified for implants installed in the mandible and with crown restoration margins positioned ≤1.5 mm from the crestal bone at baseline. It is suggested that peri-implantitis is a common condition and that several patient- and implant-related factors influence the risk for moderate/severe peri-implantitis (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01825772).
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              Popping the (PICO) question in research and evidence-based practice.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Periodontal Research
                J Periodont Res
                Wiley
                00223484
                October 2018
                October 2018
                June 07 2018
                : 53
                : 5
                : 657-681
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Clinic of Prosthetic Dentistry and Biomedical Materials Science; Hannover Medical School; Hanover Germany
                [2 ]Faculty of Dentistry and the Charles Perkins Centre; University of Sydney; Sydney NSW, Australia
                [3 ]Department of Epidemiology; Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research; Braunschweig Germany
                [4 ]Translational Infrastructure Epidemiology; German Centre for Infection Research; Braunschweig Germany
                [5 ]Twincore; Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infections Research; Hanover Germany
                [6 ]Hannover Medical School; Hanover Germany
                Article
                10.1111/jre.12562
                29882313
                91ac446f-0861-43cc-bbd4-79c193a717ac
                © 2018

                http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

                http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/termsAndConditions#vor

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