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      Mutation in the alpha-synuclein gene identified in families with Parkinson's disease.

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          Abstract

          Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder with a lifetime incidence of approximately 2 percent. A pattern of familial aggregation has been documented for the disorder, and it was recently reported that a PD susceptibility gene in a large Italian kindred is located on the long arm of human chromosome 4. A mutation was identified in the alpha-synuclein gene, which codes for a presynaptic protein thought to be involved in neuronal plasticity, in the Italian kindred and in three unrelated families of Greek origin with autosomal dominant inheritance for the PD phenotype. This finding of a specific molecular alteration associated with PD will facilitate the detailed understanding of the pathophysiology of the disorder.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Science
          Science (New York, N.Y.)
          0036-8075
          0036-8075
          Jun 27 1997
          : 276
          : 5321
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Laboratory of Genetic Disease Research, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-1430, USA.
          10.1126/science.276.5321.2045
          9197268

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