A broad-spectrum immune-regulating therapy could be beneficial in the treatment of sepsis. Our previous studies have shown that a hemoadsorption device (CytoSorb) removes both pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and improves survival in experimental endotoxemia. We sought to determine whether hemoadsorption can also be effective in the treatment of sepsis. Randomized controlled laboratory experiment. University laboratory. Rats were subjected to cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) and 20 hrs later were randomized to receive either hemoadsorption or sham treatment using an arterial-venous circuit. Hemoadsorption was accomplished using a cartridge containing Cytosorb beads. Blood was drawn for cytokine measurements and mean arterial pressure (MAP) was continuously monitored. Cytokines were measured via multiplex bead immunoassays. Survival time was observed for 9 hours after the intervention and assessed by Kaplan-Meier statistics. The overall survival in each group was compared using Fisher's exact test. Finally, we used a Cox proportional-hazards model to examine the effects of cytokine removal on survival time. Baseline plasma cytokine concentrations and MAP were similar between hemoadsorption and sham-treated groups. However, the concentrations of tumor necrosis factor, interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, and IL-10 were significantly lower after hemoadsorption compared to the sham group. Six hours after treatment ended, IL-6 and IL-10 concentrations were still lower in hemoadsorption group. MAP was significantly better in hemoadsorption compared to sham-treated animals (p < .05). Finally, mean survival time was significantly longer (720 vs. 381 min, p < .05, Mann-Whitney test), and overall survival was significantly better (11/17 vs. 2/16, p < .01) with hemoadsorption compared to sham. Combined reduction in both IL-6 and IL-10 was associated with a significantly decreased risk of death (hazard ratio, .11, p = .005). Hemoadsorption reduced circulating cytokines, improved MAP, and resulted in better short-term survival in CLP-induced septic rats.