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      Importance of early diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis to prevent fractures.

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      The American journal of managed care

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          Abstract

          Osteoporosis affects about 10 million individuals in the United States, a number that is expected to increase substantially in coming decades as the elderly population burgeons. The chief debilitating consequence of osteoporosis, fracture, will affect about half the women and a third of the men in their lifetime, posing a daunting challenge to managed healthcare systems in terms of delivering optimal care and restraining cost. By encouraging optimal postfracture follow-up care and identifying those members at higher risk for fracture and in need of prompt treatment, managed care organizations can enhance the cost-effective management of osteoporosis, dampening downstream costs. This manuscript reviews the pathophysiology of osteoporosis, examines issues related to the diagnosis of osteoporosis, especially the role of bone mineral density measurement, and focuses on the impact of various treatment options in reducing fracture risk. Early assessment and treatment emerge as medically prudent steps in reducing the risk for osteoporosis-related fracture.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Am J Manag Care
          The American journal of managed care
          1088-0224
          1088-0224
          May 2006
          : 12
          : 7 Suppl
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Division of Endocrinology, Roger Williams Medical Center, Providence, RI, USA. jrtuccimd@yahoo.com
          Article
          3141
          16686587

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