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      Diagnosis and Management of Pheochromocytoma

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          Abstract

          Pheochromocytomas arise from chromaffin tissue, usually in the adrenal medulla, and are a cause for curable hypertension. Nearly all patients with this tumor are symptomatic, the most common symptoms being headache, palpitations and inappropriate perspiration. Diagnosis is confirmed by finding high levels of plasma catecholamines or increased excretion of catecholamine metabolites (metanephrines, vanillymandelic acid) in the urine. Localization of tumors(s) is important for the surgeon and is accomplished by CT scan, <sup>131</sup>I-metaiodobenzylguanidine scintiscans or abdominal aortography. Treatment is surgical extirpation by an experienced team after depleted plasma volume has been replenished. Ten percent of tumors are malignant, 10% are bilateral in the adrenal medullae and 10% are extra-adrenal.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-4079-7
          978-3-318-00139-6
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1985
          1985
          11 November 2008
          : 72
          : Suppl 1
          : 126-130
          Affiliations
          Departments of aHypertension and Nephrology and bClinical Science, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, and cDepartment of Clinical Medicine, New York University Medical Center, New York, N.Y., USA
          Article
          173958 Cardiology 1985;72:126–130
          10.1159/000173958
          2865007
          © 1985 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

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          Pages: 5
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