Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the most common cancer of the biliary tract, but molecularly targeted therapies are not available for GBC. Loss of microRNA (miR)-335 expression may be a useful predictor of clinical outcomes and the reversal of its loss of expression may be a useful treatment strategy for GBC. In this study, we investigated whether a long noncoding RNA, nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 ( NEAT1) sponges miR-335 in GBC cells.
Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry were used to determine the expression of miR-335; NEAT1; survivin; and Ki67 in GBC cell lines (GBC-SD and SGC-996) and tissue samples from patients (n = 25). Cell Counting Kit-8, colony-formation, and Transwell migration and invasion assays were performed to measure cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Bioinformatic analysis and dual-luciferase reporter assays were utilized to analyze correlativity.
miR-335 overexpression resulted in inhibition of GBC cell proliferation and invasion. In addition, knockdown of NEAT1 resulted in downregulation of survivin expression. As NEAT1 competitively “sponges” miR-335, NEAT1 knockdown resulted in inhibited GBC cell proliferation and invasion in vitro and GBC tumor growth in vivo. Furthermore, NEAT1 was found to be upregulated in GBC samples, and its expression was inversely correlated with miR-335 levels, but positively correlated with survivin levels.