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      SPECMAR: fast heart rate estimation from PPG signal using a modified spectral subtraction scheme with composite motion artifacts reference generation.

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          Abstract

          The task of heart rate estimation using photoplethysmographic (PPG) signal is challenging due to the presence of various motion artifacts in the recorded signals. In this paper, a fast algorithm for heart rate estimation based on modified SPEctral subtraction scheme utilizing Composite Motion Artifacts Reference generation (SPECMAR) is proposed using two-channel PPG and three-axis accelerometer signals. First, the preliminary noise reduction is obtained by filtering unwanted frequency components from the recorded signals. Next, a composite motion artifacts reference generation method is developed to be employed in the proposed SPECMAR algorithm for motion artifacts reduction. The heart rate is then computed from the noise and motion artifacts reduced PPG signal. Finally, a heart rate tracking algorithm is proposed considering neighboring estimates. The performance of the SPECMAR algorithm has been tested on publicly available PPG database. The average heart rate estimation error is found to be 2.09 BPM on 23 recordings. The Pearson correlation is 0.9907. Due to low computational complexity, the method is faster than the comparing methods. The low estimation error, smooth and fast heart rate tracking makes SPECMAR an ideal choice to be implemented in wearable devices. Graphical Abstract Flow chart for the heart rate estimation using modified SPEctral subtraction scheme utilizing Composite Motion Artifacts Reference generation (SPECMAR) from photoplethysmographic (PPG) signals.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Med Biol Eng Comput
          Medical & biological engineering & computing
          Springer Science and Business Media LLC
          1741-0444
          0140-0118
          Mar 2019
          : 57
          : 3
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, 1205, Bangladesh.
          [2 ] Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, 1205, Bangladesh. fattah@eee.buet.ac.bd.
          Article
          10.1007/s11517-018-1909-x
          10.1007/s11517-018-1909-x
          30349957

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