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      Non-medication treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children

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          Abstract

          Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood psycho-behavioral disorder, the exact cause of which is currently unclear. It is generally believed that its incidence is a combination of biological, environmental, and psychological factors. In China at present, the common intervention measures for this disorder are mainly drug treatments, and non-medication treatment including EEG Biofeedback environmental Modifications and Self-regulation, is relatively inadequate. Non-medication treatment is generally targeted at the social function defects associated with this disease; its efficacy is longer-lasting and it is safer. This article analyzes the principles, methods, efficacy, shortcomings, and prospects of the non-medication treatment of ADHD.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 注意缺陷多动障碍 (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ADHD)是一种常见的儿童心理行为障碍性疾病, 其确切病因目前尚不清楚, 一般认为其发病是生物学因素、环境因素和心理因素共同作用的结果。目前中国的干预措施主要以 药物治疗为主, 包括生物反馈治疗, 环境调节(家庭治疗、学校干预)、自身调节(感觉统合治疗、正念冥想)和其他等。非药 物治疗对本病社会功能缺陷的干预更具有针对性, 并且疗效较持久, 安全性较高。本文分析了非药物治疗的原则、方法、疗 效、不足及展望。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 September 2021
          01 December 2021
          : 42
          : 9
          : 1426-1430
          Affiliations
          [1] 1First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, National Clinical Research Center for Chinese Medicine Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Tianjing (300381), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: LI Yaping, E-mail: zf_ts@ 123456163.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.037
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.037
          9308972d-7db2-423f-ada6-40103efd3e8e
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Child,Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity,Social environment,Treatment outcome

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