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      Performance and sustainability of commercial cooperatives and sole proprietorships citrus farms in Mpumalanga province, South Africa


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          Citrus farming is one of the specialised crops which need special attention in order to have a better product at the end of the value chain. Citrus crops that are well looked after produce good income while poor crops become costly to the farmer. Any suspicions of pests' damage may render the consignment for export to be turned down at the expense of a farmer. The objectives of this paper were to assess performance and sustainability between cooperatives and sole proprietorship citrus farms. The research also looked at the reasons as to why some farmers are more successful than others who farm in the same region with similar circumstances and challenges. This study compared the performance of commercial cooperatives and sole proprietorships of citrus farmers in Mpumalanga Province. A total of 40 farmers were interviewed in order to establish their scale of performance and contribution to sustainability. The findings revealed that the knowledge was a critical factor as they were found knowledgeable in citrus, such as management, business planning, packaging and marketing. It is recommended that the emerging citrus farmers should be exposed to acquisition of appropriate knowledge and skills if they have to perform better.

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          Entrepreneurial competencies and financial performance of farmers in South Africa.

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            The impact of succession planning on the sustainability of cane production by small-scale cane growers in the North Coast of Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa

            This paper forms part of a research study for a PhD, which has been conducted in the North Coast of KwaZulu-Natal and focuses on the sustainability of emerging cane growers. The research problem of the study was that cane growers cannot be sustained beyond the current generation of existing farmers because young people are not interested. Agriculture takes place in rural areas which are characterised by high levels of poverty. Cane farming, like other agricultural production activities, is the major economic driver in these areas. However, the current cane growers are ageing and the economy will be negatively impacted unless the youth succeed their parents as farmers. Sustainability of cane production depends on the preparedness of the offspring of the cane growers to succeed them as farmers. The results of the study revealed two responses. The first response suggested that young people whose parents are cane growers are willing to succeed their parents and become cane growers. The second response suggested that where discussions on succession planning have taken place there was an increase in the number of young people indicating an interest in succeeding their parents. The paper concludes with a recommendation that there is a need for developing succession planning in the North Coast farming area.

              Author and article information

              South African Journal of Agricultural Extension
              S Afr. Jnl. Agric. Ext.
              South African Society of Agricultural Extension (SASAE) (Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa )
              : 48
              : 1
              : 70-83
              [02] Bloemfontein orgnameUniversity of the Free State orgdiv1Rural Development and Extension orgdiv2Centre for Sustainable Agriculture South Africa vniekerkja@ 123456ufs.ac.za
              [01] Mankweng orgnameUniversity of Limpopo orgdiv1Department of Agricultural Economics and Animal Production orgdiv2Centre for Rural Community Empowerment South Africa
              S0301-603X2020000100006 S0301-603X(20)04800100006

              This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

              Page count
              Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 19, Pages: 14

              SciELO South Africa


              Citrus farms,Sustainability,Sole proprietorship,Performance,Extension service,Cooperatives


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