Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women worldwide. Extensive studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNA/miR) can regulate the formation, progression, and metastasis of cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of miR-19-3p on the proliferation, invasion, and autophagy of cervical cancer cells and to explore the underlying mechanism.
SiHa and HeLa cells were transfected with miR-19-3p mimic and inhibitor. miR-19-3p and PTEN expression were detected using real-time quantitative PCR and western blot, respectively. The binding between miR-19-3p and PTEN was predicted using Targetscan7.2 and verified by a dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. The effects of miR-19-3p on cell invasion and proliferation were evaluated by Transwell assays and MTT, respectively. The effect of miR-19-3p on autophagy was observed using fluorescence microscopy.
The expression of miR-19-3p in cervical cancer tissues and SiHa and HeLa cells was significantly upregulated, whereas the expression of PTEN was significantly downregulated. PTEN was one of the direct targets of miR-19-3p. The miR-19-3p mimic significantly reduced the apoptosis rate and autophagy and promoted cell proliferation and invasion of the SiHa and HeLa cells.