22 March 1999
Ischemic heart disease has become more important in regard to mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We examined the therapeutic outcome of initial percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTCA) in maintenance HD patients with angina pectoris. They consisted of 8 men and 4 women with a mean age of 56.3 ± 8.6 years and a mean duration of HD of 4.3 ± 4.0 years. Thirty-six non-HD patients treated with initial PTCA were matched for age, sex and coronary risk factors, and used as a control. Angiographic lesion success was confirmed by angiography in 21 (84%) of the 25 stenotic sites attempted and clinical success was obtained in 9 (75%) of the 12 HD patients, while there were 40 (78%) lesions successfully removed out of the 51 stenotic sites and there were 26 (72%) clinically successful cases out of the 36 non-HD patients, respectively. Angina recurred in 4 (44%) of 9 HD patients, and in 10 (38%) of 26 non-HD patients after successful PTCA, where the follow-up periods were 23 ± 20 and 28 ± 25 months, respectively. There was no significant difference in cumulative lesion survival curve between the two groups. In conclusion, PTCA for chronic HD patients is as effective as that for non-HD patients, at least regarding initial PTCA.