Larotrectinib (VITRAKVI) is an orally potent tropomyosin receptor kinase (Trk) inhibitor that acts by competitive inhibition of all corresponding receptor kinases. It demonstrated a marked response rate (75%) and robust anticancer activity in Trk fusion-positive patients. This response is independent of cancer type, age and gender.
In this study, an efficient and accurate LC-MS/MS analytical method was developed for Larotrectinib (LRB) quantification in addition to evaluation of its metabolic stability. LRB and lapatinib (LTP) (which is chosen as an internal standard; IS) were eluted utilizing an isocratic mobile phase with a reversed phase elution system (C 18 column).
The linearity range of the established method was 5–500 ng/mL ( r 2 ≥ 0.9999) in the human liver microsomes (HLMs) matrix. Various parameters were calculated to validate the method sensitivity (limit of quantification was 5 ng/mL) and reproducibility (inter and intra-day accuracy and precision were below 3% in all samples) of our methodology. For evaluation of LRB metabolic stability in HLMs matrix, in vitro half-life (48.8 min) and intrinsic clearance (14.19 µL/min/mg) were computed.