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Resultados da aplicação tópica do extrato de própolis na redução da progressão da doença periodontal Translated title: Results of topical application of propolis extracts in reducing progression of periodontal disease.

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      Abstract

      RESUMO Agentes químicos têm sido usados para auxiliar na inibição da formação do biofilme e impedir desenvolvimento da doença periodontal (DP). O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar radiograficamente a ação do extrato de própolis na progressão da DP induzida em ratos. Foram utilizados 48 ratos Wistar, divididos em 4 grupos (n=12): Controle, Pincel, Própolis e Clorexidina. Os grupos foram subdivididos para análise aos 7 e 21 dias. A progressão da DP foi avaliada radiograficamente pela distância entre a junção cemento-esmalte e a crista óssea alveolar na face mesial do 1º molar inferior. A perda óssea foi significativamente menor nos animais do grupo própolis em ambos os períodos (p ≤ 0,01). Concluiu-se por análise radiográfica que a aplicação tópica do extrato de própolis interfere reduzindo a progressão da doença periodontal induzida por ligadura em ratos, demonstrando a importância desse composto como substância auxiliar no tratamento periodontal.

      Translated abstract

      ABSTRACT Chemical agents have been used to assist on inhibiting biofilm formation and on preventing the development of periodontal disease (PD). The aim of this study was to radiographically evaluate the action of propolis extract on the progression of PD induced in rats. 48 Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups (n = 12): Control, Brush, Propolis and Chlorhexidine. The groups were subdivided for analysis at 7 and 21 days. The progression of the periodontal disease was radiographically assessed by the distance between the cement-enamel junction and the alveolar bone crest mesial of the 1st molar. Bone loss was significantly lower in the Propolis group in both periods (p ≤ 0.01). By radiographic analysis, it is concluded that the topical application of propolis extract interferes by reducing the progression of ligature-induced periodontal disease in rats, demonstrating the importance of this compound as an auxiliary substance in periodontal treatment.

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      Most cited references 46

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      Flavonoids are nearly ubiquitous in plants and are recognized as the pigments responsible for the colors of leaves, especially in autumn. They are rich in seeds, citrus fruits, olive oil, tea, and red wine. They are low molecular weight compounds composed of a three-ring structure with various substitutions. This basic structure is shared by tocopherols (vitamin E). Flavonoids can be subdivided according to the presence of an oxy group at position 4, a double bond between carbon atoms 2 and 3, or a hydroxyl group in position 3 of the C (middle) ring. These characteristics appear to also be required for best activity, especially antioxidant and antiproliferative, in the systems studied. The particular hydroxylation pattern of the B ring of the flavonoles increases their activities, especially in inhibition of mast cell secretion. Certain plants and spices containing flavonoids have been used for thousands of years in traditional Eastern medicine. In spite of the voluminous literature available, however, Western medicine has not yet used flavonoids therapeutically, even though their safety record is exceptional. Suggestions are made where such possibilities may be worth pursuing.
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        Chronic inflammation is being shown to be increasingly involved in the onset and development of several pathological disturbances such as arteriosclerosis, obesity, diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases and even cancer. Treatment for chronic inflammatory disorders has not been solved, and there is an urgent need to find new and safe anti-inflammatory compounds. Flavonoids belong to a group of natural substances occurring normally in the diet that exhibit a variety of beneficial effects on health. The anti-inflammatory properties of flavonoids have been studied recently, in order to establish and characterize their potential utility as therapeutic agents in the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Several mechanisms of action have been proposed to explain in vivo flavonoid anti-inflammatory actions, such as antioxidant activity, inhibition of eicosanoid generating enzymes or the modulation of the production of proinflammatory molecules. Recent studies have also shown that some flavonoids are modulators of proinflammatory gene expression, thus leading to the attenuation of the inflammatory response. However, much work remains to be done in order to achieve definitive conclusions about their potential usefulness. This review summarizes the known mechanisms involved in the anti-inflammatory activity of flavonoids and the implications of these effects on the protection against cancer and cardiovascular disease.
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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] Universidade Federal do Maranhão Brazil
            [2 ] Centro Universitário do Maranhão Brazil
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            rbpm
            Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais
            Rev. bras. plantas med.
            Sociedade Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais (Botucatu )
            1983-084X
            2015
            : 17
            : 4 suppl 2
            : 915-921
            S1516-05722015000600915 10.1590/1983-084X/14_136

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Product
            Product Information: SciELO Brazil
            Categories
            PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY

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