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      Inhibitory Effects of a Pineal Extract on Adrenal Cortex Lack of Competition with ACTH

      ,

      Hormone Research in Paediatrics

      S. Karger AG

      Pineal, Adrenal, Crude aqueous pineal extract, Corticosterone

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          Abstract

          The purpose of the present investigation was to study the mode of action of a crude aqueous pineal extract (CAPE) on corticosterone (B) production from ACTH-mediated isolated adrenal cortex cells. Corticosterone production from a heterogenous adrenal cortex cell population, isolated from 8 male Sprague-Dawley rats, was measured fluorimetrically. CAPE (25 µl) was tested in this system using ACTH (0–5,000 pg/ml) and dibutyryl-c-AMP (0–100 nA//ml) as stimuli for a period of 1 h. In a separate experiment, CAPE (25 µl) was administered to ACTH (50 pg/ml) stimulated adrenal cortex cells for 15, 30, 60, and 120 min incubation periods. CAPE significantly decreased B produced by adrenal cortex cells at all doses of ACTH administered. CAPE also decreased the B produced by adrenal cortex cells when dibutyryl-c-AMP was used as a stimulus. The inhibitory effect of CAPE was manifest at some point in time between 30 and 60 min. It was significant at 60 min and highly significant at 120 min. It is evident from these data that CAPE and ACTH are not competing for the same receptor site.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1980
          1980
          25 November 2008
          : 12
          : 2
          : 104-112
          Affiliations
          Department of Physiology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans, La.
          Article
          179110 Horm Res 1980;12:104–112
          10.1159/000179110
          6247260
          © 1980 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Original Paper

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