Revolution in technology is changing the way visually impaired people read and write Braille easily. Learning Braille in its native language can be more convenient for its users. This study proposes an improved backend processing algorithm for an earlier developed touchscreen-based Braille text entry application. This application is used to collect Urdu Braille data, which is then converted to Urdu text. Braille to text conversion has been done on Hindi, Arabic, Bangla, Chinese, English, and other languages. For this study, Urdu Braille Grade 1 data were collected with multiclass (39 characters of Urdu represented by class 1, Alif (ﺍ), to class 39, Bri Yay (ے). Total (N = 144) cases for each class were collected. The dataset was collected from visually impaired students from The National Special Education School. Visually impaired users entered the Urdu Braille alphabets using touchscreen devices. The final dataset contained (N = 5638) cases. Reconstruction Independent Component Analysis (RICA)-based feature extraction model is created for Braille to Urdu text classification. The multiclass was categorized into three groups (13 each), i.e., category-1 (1–13), Alif-Zaal (ﺫ - ﺍ), category-2 (14–26), Ray-Fay (ﻒ - ﺮ), and category-3 (27–39), Kaaf-Bri Yay (ے - ﻕ), to give better vision and understanding. The performance was evaluated in terms of true positive rate, true negative rate, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, false positive rate, total accuracy, and area under the receiver operating curve. Among all the classifiers, support vector machine has achieved the highest performance with a 99.73% accuracy. For comparisons, robust machine learning techniques, such as support vector machine, decision tree, and K-nearest neighbors were used. Currently, this work has been done on only Grade 1 Urdu Braille. In the future, we plan to enhance this work using Grade 2 Urdu Braille with text and speech feedback on touchscreen-based android phones.