Objective To understand the use of fitness APP for college students, so as to provide a reference for scientific exercise guidance.
Methods Expert interviews were used to determine the research content, and the questionnaire survey method was applied to select 1 840 college students from five universities in Lanzhou City randomly to conduct a survey. Meanwhile, the gray correlation analysis method was employed to analyze the influencing factors of fitness APP use.
Results During the post epidemic period, fitness app was the most popular way for college students to choose, and the proportion of students increased from 15.00% before the epidemic to 30.00%. Yuedong circle and keep were the fitness apps most used by college students, with 438 and 412 people respectively. The number of college students using fitness APP for the purpose of “fitness clock out” was the largest, accounting for 82.72%. And the main body-building intensity was moderate, accounting for 63.38%. The main factors influencing college students’ use of fitness app were physical condition ( R = 0.99), APP practicability ( R = 0.95), data record ( R = 0.92), mood ( R = 0.89) and body mass index ( R = 0.77).
Conclusion In order to improve physical fitness, physical education in colleges can by carried out by using fitness APP, with personalized fitness program, APP function optimization.
【摘要】 目的 了解髙校大学生健身 APP 的使用情况, 为指导大学生科学锻炼提供参考依据。 方法 运用专家访谈法确 定研究内容, 2020 年 6—7 月在兰州市选取 5 所髙校的 1 840 名大学生, 对其健身 APP 使用情况进行问卷调査, 运用灰色关 联度分析法对健身 APP 使用的影响因素进行分析。 结果 健身 APP 是大学生选择最多的健身方式, 人数比例从新冠肺 炎疫情前的 15.00% 上升到 30.00%。悦动圈和 Keep 是大学生使用最多的健身 APP, 分别为 438,412 名; 大学生使用健身 APP 以“健身打卡”为目的的人数最多, 占 82.72%; 健身以中等强度为主, 占 63.38%。影响大学生使用健身 APP 的主要因 素有身体情况 ( R = 0.99)、APP 实用性 ( R = 0.95)、数据记录 ( R = 0.92)、心情 ( R = 0.89) 和体质量指数 ( R = 0.77)。 结论 学 校可以从借助健身 APP 开展体育教学、制定个性化健身方案、优化 APP 功能等方面人手, 有效提髙学生身体素质。