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      Detrital glass in a Bering Sea sediment core yields a ca. 160 ka Marine Isotope Stage 6 age for Old Crow tephra

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          Abstract

          For decades, the Old Crow tephra has been a prominent stratigraphic marker for the onset of Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5e, the last interglaciation, in subarctic northwest North America. However, new zircon U-Pb dates for the tephra suggest that the tephra was deposited ca. 207 ka during MIS 7, with wide-ranging implications for chronologies of glaciation, paleoclimate, relict permafrost, and phylogeography. We analyzed ~1900 detrital glass shards from 28 samples collected at Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Site U1345 in the Bering Sea, which has a well-constrained age model from benthic foraminiferal δ18O. Except for one possibly contaminant shard dated at 165 ka, Old Crow tephra was absent from all samples spanning 220–160 ka. Old Crow tephra appeared abruptly at 157 ka, comprising >40% of detrital shards between 157 and 142 ka. This abrupt increase in the concentration of detrital Old Crow tephra, its absence in earlier intervals, and its presence at low concentrations in all samples between 134 and 15 ka collectively indicate that the tephra was deposited during the middle of MIS 6 with a likely age of 159 ± 8 ka. As a result, the late Quaternary chronostratigraphic framework for unglaciated northwest North America remains intact, and the timing of key events in the region (e.g., bison entry into North America; interglacial paleoclimate; permafrost history; the penultimate glaciation) does not require wholesale revision.

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          Bayesian Analysis of Radiocarbon Dates

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            Last Interglacial Arctic warmth confirms polar amplification of climate change

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              A 3 m.y. record of Pliocene-Pleistocene loess in, interior Alaska

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Geology
                Geological Society of America
                0091-7613
                1943-2682
                December 2 2022
                January 01 2023
                December 2 2022
                January 01 2023
                : 51
                : 1
                : 106-110
                Article
                10.1130/G50491.1
                93c810da-efd1-4c95-8d04-40c745792451
                © 2023
                History

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