Objective To understand the current status and influencing factors of anti-drug ability of college students in Beijing, and provide suggestions for drug education in universities.
Methods A total of 966 students from 11 universities in Beijing were investigated with a self-designed questionnaire. and the data was analyzed with quantitative statistical analysis method.
Results The average types of drug college students are aware of was 6.64. Among the average cognitive drugs of college students in Beijing, the full score rate of drug resistance was 68.12%. Gender, different majors, and frequency of receiving drug prevention education were influential factors of drug knowledge and anti-drug ability of college students ( χ 2 =41.38, 18.20, 11.02, P<0.05). The commonest educational method was themed lectures (80. 33%), and the Internet had played an increasingly important role in education (76.60%). Anti-drug short-movies was the most interesting education method for college students (79.30%), with a penetration rate of 42.44%. The number of drugs awared and the ability of anti-drugs improved significantly through the “6.27” project.
Conclusion The anti-drug propaganda and education should be strengthened among the students majoring in sport arts, and the function of antidrug videos should be greatly exploited to maximize the effect of education.
【摘要】 目的 了解北京市大学生识毒、拒毒能力现状及影响因素, 为髙校开展禁毒教育工作提供针对性建议。 方法 采用自行设计的问卷, 对分层随机抽取的北京市11所髙校966名学生进行问卷调査, 采用定量的统计学方法进行分析。 结果 北京市大学生平均认知毒品6.64种, 拒毒意识测试满分率为68.12%, 性别、专业类型、接受毒品预防教育频率是影 响大学生毒品知识、拒毒意识的因素 ( χ 2值分别为41.38, 18.20, 11.02, P值均<0.05)。当前青少年获取禁毒知识的最主要 渠道为主题讲座 (80.33%), 网络禁毒宣传 (76.60%)。禁毒微电影作为大学生最感兴趣的教育方式 (79.30%), 普及率为 42.44%。认知毒品种类数、拒毒意识较“6.27”工程开展前有显著提升。 结论 “6.27”工程取得成效。应当重点加强对体 育艺术专业学生的禁毒宣传教育, 充分探究禁毒题材影视作品的作用, 最大化发挥教育效果。