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      Prevention of Internet addiction: A systematic review

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          Background and aims

          Out of a large number of studies on Internet addiction, only a few have been published on the prevention of Internet addiction. The aim of this study is provide a systematic review of scientific articles regarding the prevention of Internet addiction and to identify the relevant topics published in this area of interest.


          The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were adopted. The EBSCO, ProQuest Central, and PubMed databases were searched for texts published in English and Spanish between January 1995 and April 2016. A total of 179 original texts were obtained. After de-duplication and topic-relevance review, 108 texts were systematically classified and subjected to descriptive analysis and subsequent content analysis.


          The results of the content analysis yielded the following thematic areas: (a) target groups, (b) the improvement of specific skills, (c) program characteristics, and (d) environmental interventions.

          Discussion and conclusion

          Literature on the prevention of Internet addiction is scarce. There is an urgent need to introduce and implement new interventions for different at-risk populations, conduct well-designed research, and publish data on the effectiveness of these interventions. Developing prevention interventions should primarily target children and adolescents at risk of Internet addiction but also parents, teachers, peers, and others who are part of the formative environment of children and adolescents at risk of Internet addiction. Newly designed interventions focused on Internet addiction should be rigorously evaluated and the results published.

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          Most cited references 115

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          A cognitive-behavioral model of pathological Internet use

           R.A. Davis (2001)
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            The Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS): some psychometric properties.

            The present study aimed to develop a short, easily administered, psychometrically sound, and valid instrument to assess the severity of compulsive Internet use. A set of criteria was determined based on the addiction literature. Next, the internal consistency and convergent validity were determined, and the set was tested as a one-factor solution in two representative samples of heavy Internet users (n = 447 and n = 229) and in one large convenience sample of regular Internet users (n = 16,925). In these three studies, respondents were asked about their online behavior and about problems related to Internet use. In the first study, the Online Cognition Scale (OCS) was included to determine concurrent validity. The newly developed Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS) contains 14 items ratable on a 5-point Likert scale. The instrument showed good factorial stability across time and across different samples and subsamples. The internal consistency is high, and high correlations with concurrent and criterion variables demonstrate good validity.
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              Modification in the Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Internet Addiction


                Author and article information

                Journal of Behavioral Addictions
                J Behav Addict
                Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
                20 December 2016
                : 5
                : 4
                : 568-579
                [ 1 ]Department of Addictology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, and General University Hospital in Prague , Prague, Czech Republic
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author: Petra Vondráčková; Department of Addictology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Apolinářská 4, 120 00 Praha 2, Czech Republic; Phone: +420 774 649 099; Fax: +420 224 965 035; E-mail: vondrackova@
                © 2016 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 2, Equations: 0, References: 95, Pages: 12
                Funding sources: This study was supported by the Czech Science Foundation (Grant no. 16-15771S) and Charles University, Prague (PRVOUK-P03/LF1/9).
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