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      An illustrated guide of ferns and lycophytes from Carambeí, PR, Brazil

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          Abstract

          Abstract We present a list of species of ferns and lycophytes from Carambeí, a municipality located in Paraná state, southern Brazil. This area, locally known as “Campos Gerais”, presents an intricate mosaic of forests and savannah with several canyons and humid valleys that harbors a rich and unique vegetation in Southern Brazil. In total, we found 129 species (119 ferns and 10 lycophytes), distributed in 18 families and 59 genera, and 20% (26 spp.) of which are endemic to Brazil. The most expressive families were Polypodiaceae (19 spp.), Pteridaceae (18 spp.) and Thelypteridaceae (15 spp.). The most representative genera were Asplenium (8 spp. - 6.2%) and Amauropelta (8 spp - 6.2%). Terrestrial herbs, epiphytes and lithophytes are the most common guild of life forms, successively. The richest environments were woody forest (61% of the species) and herbaceous-shrubby (12%). Arachniodes denticulata, Phlegmariurus flexibilis and P. Heterocarpon are the second record in the “Campos Gerais” region. We also provide photographic plates with diagnostic characters for most of the species.

          Translated abstract

          Resumo É apresentada uma listagem de espécies de samambaias e licófitas para o município de Carambeí, localizado no estado do Paraná, Sul do Brasil. Essa área, localmente conhecida como Campos Gerais, apresenta um complexo mosaico de florestas e Cerrado com diversos canyons e vales úmidos e comporta uma vegetação rica e singular no Sul do Brasil. No total, foram registradas 129 espécies (119 samambaias e 10 licófitas), distribuídas em 18 famílias e 59 gêneros, sendo 20% (26 spp.) endêmicas do Brasil. As famílias mais expressivas são Polypodiaceae (19 spp.), Pteridaceae (18 spp.) e Thelypteridaceae (15 spp.). Os gêneros mais representativos foram Asplenium (8 spp. - 6,2%) e Amauropelta (8 spp. - 6,2%). As guildas de formas de vida mais comuns são ervas terrícolas, epífitas e rupícolas, sucessivamente. Os ambientes mais ricos foram os florestais (61% das espécies) e os herbáceo-arbustivos (12%). Arachniodes denticulata, Phlegmariurus flexibilis e P. heterocarpon foram registradas pela segunda vez para a região dos Campos Gerais. São fornecidas pranchas fotográficas com caracteres diagnósticos para a maioria das espécies.

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          Most cited references 35

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          A community-derived classification for extant lycophytes and ferns

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            Diversity of ferns and lycophytes in Brazil

            Abstract This compilation of ferns and lycophytes in Brazil is an update of the one published in 2010 in Catálogo de Plantas e Fungos do Brasil. The methodology consisted in collecting data from regional checklists, taxonomic revisions, and selected databases. Invited specialists improved the list accessing a website housed at the Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. The results show 1,253 species: 1,111 of ferns and 142 of lycophytes. This number is 6.5% higher than the previous one (1,176 spp.). The percentage of endemic species decreased from 38.2% to 36.7%. We recognized 36 families and 133 genera (vs. 33 families, 121 genera in 2010). The 10 most diverse families are Pteridaceae (196 spp.), Dryopteridaceae (179), Polypodiaceae (164), Hymenophyllaceae (90), Thelypteridaceae (86), Aspleniaceae (78), Lycopodiaceae (64), Selaginellaceae (55), Anemiaceae (51), and Cyatheaceae (45). The three most diverse genera are still Elaphoglossum (87 spp.), Thelypteris (85), and Asplenium (74). The richest phytogeographic domain continues to be in the Atlantic Rainforest with 883 species which also has the largest number of endemic and threatened species, followed by the Amazon Rainforest (503), Cerrado (269), Pantanal (30), Caatinga (26), and Pampa (eight). Minas Gerais remains as the richest state (657 spp. vs. 580 in 2010).
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              Levantamento das pteridófitas da Serra do Cuscuzeiro, Analândia, SP, Brasil

               A. SALINO,  A Salino (1996)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rod
                Rodriguésia
                Rodriguésia
                Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil )
                0370-6583
                2175-7860
                June 2018
                : 69
                : 2
                : 309-321
                Affiliations
                Curitiba Paraná orgnameUniversidade Federal do Paraná orgdiv1Depto. Botânica Brazil
                Article
                S2175-78602018000200309
                10.1590/2175-7860201869204

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 52, Pages: 13
                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Brazil

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