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      The Polymorphonuclear Leukocyte – A New Target for Erythropoietin

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          A previous study from our laboratory has shown that erythropoietin (EPO), beside its traditional role in erythropoiesis, acts as an alleviator of oxidative stress and inflammation in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients, conferred in part by activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs). To substantiate this phenomenon, the existence of EPO receptors (EPO-Rs) on PMNL membrane was examined at the transcriptional and translational levels. mRNA for EPO-R was detected in PMNLs using specific primers directed towards the extracellular region of human EPO-R cDNA. The predicted 300-bp fragment was amplified by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Subcloning and sequence analysis revealed 100% homology of this fragment with human EPO-R. The receptor protein was detected on the surface of intact PMNLs using <sup>125</sup>I-EPO. The protein was further demonstrated by flow cytometric analysis using a fluorescent monoclonal anti-EPO-R. The percentage of PMNLs expressing EPO-R showed a strong correlation with the level of EPO in the serum, suggesting an upregulation of the receptor by the hormone. Taken together with our recent findings that EPO attenuates the oxidative stress and inflammation contributed by PMNLs in HD patients, the detection of functional EPO-R expression in PMNLs places these cells among the nonerythroid, EPO-responsive target populations.

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          Interaction between Erythropoietin and Peripheral Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes in Hemodialysis Patients

          The effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on the oxidative stress and inflammation caused by polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients was investigated in vivo and in vitro. The studies were performed on isolated PMNLs from peripheral blood of healthy controls and HD patients before and following 6 weeks of EPO treatment. The oxidative stress was expressed by the rate of superoxide release from phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate stimulated PMNLs, and the inflammatory state was evaluated by in vitro PMNL survival, in addition to white blood cell and PMNL counts of the enrolled subjects. Following 6 weeks of EPO treatment, in HD patients, the rate of superoxide release from PMNLs as well as WBC and PMNL counts fell significantly when compared with the pretreatment values. PMNLs from HD patients and healthy controls incubated in vitro with increasing amounts of EPO displayed a significant reduction in their rates of superoxide release and a significant improvement in survival. We have concluded that EPO interacts with PMNLs, attenuating their primed state in HD patients, thus reducing oxidative stress and the extent of inflammation. To the best of our knowledge, this attenuation of the primed state of PMNLs by EPO is a new finding.

            Author and article information

            S. Karger AG
            22 June 2001
            : 88
            : 3
            : 205-210
            aNephrology and Hypertension Unit, bEliachar Research Laboratory and cHematology Department, Western Galilee Hospital, Nahariya, and dBruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion, Haifa, Israel
            45991 Nephron 2001;88:205–210
            © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

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            Figures: 5, References: 30, Pages: 6
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